Facts about amphetamines


03 October 2020

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Amphetamine is a psychostimulant drug known to produce increased wakefulness and alertness with suppressed fatigue and appetite. It is related to a powerful group of drugs such as dextroamphetamine, levoamphetamine and methamphetamine that have the action of increasing the levels of dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin in the brain.

As a consequence, they increase euphoria.

The group is used to treat a wide variety of psychotic conditions, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in both adults and children. They are also used in the treatment of traumatic brain injuries, daytime sleepiness from narcolepsy, chronic fatigue syndrome, and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome. The original and most popular use of amphetamine was in the treatment of obesity by decreasing appetite as a weight management tool.

Amphetamines are dangerous for cardiac patients and those suffering from hypertension, as they raise cardiac output and blood pressure. Amphetamines are not prescribed for glaucoma sufferers or nursing mothers. Amphetamine has the property of being transmitted with breast milk.

Amphetamines have been used as vasoconstrictors in inhalant therapy to shrink nasal mucous membranes in conditions such as nasal allergies and asthma; now those inhalants have been banned due to their toxicity. For unknown reasons, amphetamines have a paradoxical calming effect in some hyperactive children, but the use of these drugs to treat these children has been controversial.

Amphetamines due to their mood and performance-enhancing properties have become popular in recent times as a recreational drug. They are particularly popular with athletes in competitive training where high cardiac output increases performance


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