The Logbook of the Pilgrim's Journey

Author: d0f8961bbf

21 May 2021

Views: 3,327

This list will provide you with resources of literature, persons, events, and locations on biblical topics.
Most of the links are from secular sites so to avoid any impression of "dogmatic bias", however, there are several instances which I could only find the material from a Christian website.
What is asked of you to treat this data as historical evidence as you would for any other piece of antiquity and NOT apply any form of double standards for the historicity of the biblical narrative-for example if you reject Jesus because of historical & religious parallelism, then accept Richard Whately's demonstration that Napoleon didn't exists (while he was still alive) since it's derived by the same reasoning.

C.E.=Christian Era
B.C.E.= Before Christian Era

-Manuscripts/International evidences
-Old testament evidence
-New testament evidence
-Honourable, dubious, and underdeterminative mentions

Manuscript evidences

KH1 and KH2 (aka the silver scrolls), Deuteronomy 5:10, Deuteronomy 7:9, Daniel 9:4, Nehemiah 1:5 Numbers 6:24–26 7th-6th century B.C.E.

The dead sea scrolls 350 B.C.E.-100 C.E.

Nash papyrus, Exodus 20:2-17, Deuteronomy 5:6-21; 2nd century B.C.E.

P.Rylands Greek 458, Deuteronomy 25:1-3, ~150 B.C.E.

Papyrus Fouad 266, Deuteronomy 31:28–32:7, 1st B.C.E.

Masada synagogue scrolls 90 B.C.E.?-73C.E.
MasGen (1039-317)
MasLeva (1039-270); MasLevb (92-480)
MasDeut (1043/1–4) [Mas 1c]
MasEzek (1043–2220) [Mas 1d]
[MasPsa (1039-160); MasPsb (1103-1742)

Comparing the Qurman scrolls with the Septuagint and the Masoretic translations

The Aramaic Targums, 1st century

Targum Neofiti 30-70 C.E.

P4, Earliest title for the gospel of Matthew

Discusses on the dating of the Magdalen Papyrus whether or not it's the earliest Christian manuscript scholars have obtained. Matthew 26:7-8, 10, 14-15, 22-23, 31, and 32-33

P.Oxy. 83.5345/P137; Mark 1:7-9,16-18; 100-200 C.E.

P98 IFAO ~100-200 C.E.

P104; Matthew 21:34-37,43-45; 100-200 C.E.

P129/P.Oxy. Inv. 106/116; 1 Cor 7:32-37, 9:10-16; 100-200 C.E.

P77; Matthew 23:30-39; 100-300 C.E.

Papyrus 66. Bodmer II, John 1:1-13 ~100-350 C.E.

P52 , John Rylands Fragment , John 18.31-33; 37-38 ~125-175 C.E.

Gregory-Aland 0212; Fragments of Matthew 27:56-57, Mark 15:40, 42; Luke 23:49b-51,54; John 19:38; 175-256 C.E.

1 Timothy and Ephesians, second century C.E.

Papyrus 75 Bodmer Papyrus ~175-200 C.E.

GA 0189; Acts 5:3-13, 16, 19-21; 2nd-3rd century

Papyrus 87, Philemon 13-15, 24-25, late 2nd-3rd century

Papyrus 23; James 1:10-12, 15-18; 2nd-4th century

Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1224 ~150-450 C.E.

Papyrus 1/P.Oxy 2, circa 200 C.E.

p72 is the earliest found manuscript with title of 2 peter, 200-300 C.E.

Dura-Europos Gospel, Matthew 27.55–61 = Mark 15.40–47 = Luke 23.49–56; John 19.38-42; Peter 2.3-5; 6.23-24

Egerton gospel

P46, Chester Beatty Papyrus Romans 5.17-6.3?? ~200 C.E.;q1=6238;size=20;c=apis;subview=detail;resnum=14;view=entry;lastview=thumbnail;cc=apis;entryid=x-3570;viewid=6238_41.TIF

P45, Chester Beatty Papyrus I. Quite possibly one of the earliest evidence for the New Testament canons. Matthew 20 to Acts 17, however, pages are missing. ~200 C.E.

P90 , Oxyrhynchus, John 18.36-19.7 ~200 C.E.

Papyrus 32 (Titus) as a multi-text codex: a new reconstruction

Mosaic inscription of Romans 13:3 in Caesarea Maritima, fifth century C.E.?

The earliest old testament canon. It contains only the tanakh, which means real Christians didn't omit any conspiratorial books, like 1 Enoch, from the council of Nicaea since they were never considered canonical in the original construction of the bible.

The Muratorian Canon, 2nd Century C.E.

Crosby-Schøyen Codex, 3rd century C.E.

Codex Sinaiticus, 4th century C.E.

The Armenian bible. ~4th-5th century C.E.

Codex Alexandrinus, 5th century C.E.

The conformation of the Tanakh (A.K.A. the 22-24 books of the OT or the law, prophets, and the writings/psalms),_trans._R._H._Charles._London_[1917]&vhe=Book_of_Jubilees,_Vienna_1870,_Wikisource&lang=bi 4QMMT C 9 – 16 (Philo latter called these writings as “holy Scriptures” in page 22)

The Language of the Pentateuch in its relation to ancient Egyptian vocabulary, which suggest the books are written earlier than what the documentary hypothesis proposes.

Writing and Literacy in the World of Ancient Israel. Epigraphic Evidence from the Iron Age

The book of Job mentions the Sabaeans/Sabeans in 1:15. The identity of these people as a group really only started to exist around 1200 B.C.E. or 800 B.C.E., suggesting that the book of Job, at the earliest, was written during those dates.

Text scholarship on the dating of the book of Ezekiel. ~570 B.C.E.

Aramaic Papyri of Elephantine in English, the text contains many similarities between it and the Medo-Persian, biblical literature, fifth century B.C.E(?)

An Argument for The Date and Meaning of the Book of Joel

The narrative of the Torah by Hecataeus of Abdera, 4th century B.C.E.

The letter of Aristeas on the Septuagint; late 3rd to early 2nd century B.C.E.

Eupolemus retells the biblical prophets chronologically from Moses to Solomon, and also mentions Jeremiah, 2nd B.C.E

The law and the prophets, The Testament of Levi 16:2, 3rd B.C.E. - 2nd C.E.(?)

Old testament quotes found in the New testament

ECM & CBGM of Mark

ECM & CBGM of Acts

CBGM of the universal epistles

The burning of “Gilyonim”, The Gospels (and perhaps why the Nomina sacra exists) 100-135 C.E.

International evidences

The great Isaiah scroll was carbon dated around 90 B.C.E. The author of this scroll prophesied the life and death by crucifixion (see Isa.53) who is identified as Jesus Christ.
Given that prophecy is evident (from a religion which claim exclusivity: Deuteronomy 5:6-7, 6:4; John 14:6-7; 1 Corinthians 8:4-6), the criteria that the biblical prophecies had to been written subsequent to the events which they entail is no longer applicable or at least questionable.
This means the synoptic gospels could possibly been written prior to the destruction of the temple during the Jewish wars approximately 68-70 C.E. If it is possible, is there any evidence supporting an earlier date?

The gospel according to Luke chapter 1 may've been written around 37-41 C.E.
The internal, theological evidence seem to support this hypothesis
This video makes a textual argument supporting the existence of the gospel of Luke during the lifetime of the apostles. The dating at the latest is around 55 C.E. If the argument is correct, ~500 eye witnesses would've been still alive (the count likely wouldn't be as high after 70 C.E.) when Luke was written. And the comment of those who died might have included Joanna, granddaughter of Theophilus. It's also essential to note that the author of that gospel admits he borrowed earlier sources(plural), which strongly indicates that the gospels of Matthew and Mark was also written before 41 C.E. (Luke 1:1-3).
Theophilus might explain why the author of Acts stated there was a period of peace during Pentecost (~37 C.E.) in verse 9:31, and why the prefect Felix was spoken negatively since Felix was part of the plot that lead to the murder of Jonathan, Theophilus' brother:

Response and discussion on the early dating of Mark

The chronology of the Pauline letters

An argument that the book of Hebrews as written prior to 70 C.E.

The Didache has the earliest New testament references, mid or/to late 1st century C.E.

Exodus 24:4, 24:7, 34:27; Numbers 33:2; Deuteronomy 31:24–26; Joshua 8:32 records the instances when Moses wrote the Pentateuch. We do acknowledge that Joshua made additions to it: Joshua 24:26

Every book of the bible references the law (of God) except judges, Ruth, 1 & 2 Samuel, Esther, Job, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Joel, Obadiah, Jonah, Nahum, Habakkuk?, and Haggai -but Judges and 1 Samuel do mention Moses, also Ecclesiastes 12:13 makes a comment on the commandments- suggesting they were aware the Pentateuch/Torah's existence.

1 Kings 4:32 might be a reference of Solomon's holy works as: Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song and Songs.

Nehemiah 9:6-23 begins by summarizing the pentateuch (similarly in chapt 8 & 10); then from verse 24 & 25 describes the events in books of Joshua and Judges, v. 26 seems to be a paraphrase and extension of 1 Kings 19:14, v.27 is paralleled with Jeremiah 34:20 and 2 Kings 13:5, verses 28-29 have plethora of cross-references from the major prophets and the Israelite annals, which is confirmed in Nehemiah 12:22-24 (cf. 1 Kings 14:19, 15:7; Esther 2:23; 6:1), v.30 the belief about the relationship between the Holy Spirit and prophecy is first introduced in 1 Samuel 10:6, v. 32 makes a remark about Israelite kings and princes, both are written down not in the Torah but in Israelite annals and that ultimately links to king David, and 'since the time of the kings of Assyria' was first warned in Isaiah 7, and the “warnings” in v.33 -because of verse 26- we can say they're the writings of the prophets.
This is all to say, while incomplete, by the time Ezra was alive in the 5th century BC, the Jewish people had an early concept of the Tanakh.

1 Thessalonians 5:2, 2 Peter 3:10, Revelation 16:15 uses the same allegory about the thief for the apocalypse in Matthew 24:43.

John 21:25 implies there were other writings about Christ which we identify as the other gospels.

1 Corinthians 14 there's a critique regarding speaking in tongues, events like we see in Acts 2:2-4

Galatians 1:13-14 (48 C.E.) coincide with Acts 9:1-22 (62 C.E.)

Galatians 4:4 reflects the incarnation in Matthew & Luke

Acts 12:12, 25, 15:37-39, Colossians 4:10, 2 Timothy 4:11, Philemon 1:24, 1 Peter 5:13 Mention John Mark

The author of 1 Corinthians (namely 7:10–12) appears to be aware of what Jesus spoke regarding divorce.

1 Corinthians 8:5-6 is likely a fragment from an ancient hymnal or creedal statement as it's an expansion of the Shema (particularly found in the Septuagint).

Paul wrote three letters around the same time, addressing the issue of Onesimus, to his friends, Tychicus, and Philemon, in the letters of Ephesians, Colossians, and Philemon. Ephesians 6:21-22, Colossians 4:7-9, Epistle of Philemon

“The laborer is worthy of his wages.”1 Timothy 5:18 that's only found in Luke 10:7

1 John 2:14 is likely a rephrase of John 21:24.

“This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased” 2 Peter 1:17 is identical to Matthew 17:5.

The epistle of James may have been written during the famine of the roman empire. The primary complaint of the author was so-called “believers” weren't helping fellow Christians with their poverty (which reveals their state of non-regeneration), and we know that many Christians were affected by a famine as we see in Acts 11:27-30 (Orosius 7.6.17 and Tacitus' Annals 12.23 affirm the plight).

The epistle of James and its parallels on the sermon on the mount'%20Letter%20and%20Sermon%20on%20the%20Mount%20Compared.htm

Pseudo-Phocylides has numerous parallels similar to the NT and the Rabbinical traditions, 100 B.C.E.-100 C.E. (If this work is truly composed by a Christian and influenced by NT writings, then this may challenge the so-called late 'pseudo-pauline' library as first century, Christian literature.)

Most, but not all, quotations of the New testament from early Christian theologians. Staring from 60?-750 C.E.

Allusions to 2 Peter in the Apostolic theologians

The beginning of 1 Clement 47, the author makes reference to the 1 & 2 Corinthians and affirms that it is inspired, similarly to the statement in 2 Peter 3:15-16

The sacred books according to 1st Clement

Polycarp “sacred Scriptures” goes on referencing new testament text

The first example in the writings of the apostolic fathers of a New Testament citation preceded by the authoritative formula, “it is written.”

The Testament of Benjamin 11:4, the Pauline corpus and the book of Acts is part of scripture, 2nd B.C.E. - 2nd CE(?)

The author describes how Christians behaved in the second century. He may have also confirmed “the writings” as the first ever mentioned New Testament canon. 120-130 C.E.

Comparing: Hebrew Bible - Targum

Comparing: Dead Sea Scrolls - New Testament

Comparing: Pseudepigrapha - New Testament

Comparing: Targum - New Testament

Comparing: Apocrypha - New Testament

Comparing: Rabbinic - New Testament

The Diatessaron, 2nd-century C.E.

Early Christian interpolations(?) of theology and events in the into the Testaments of The Twelve Patriarchs, ~2nd B.C.E. - 2nd CE
Links T. Lev T. Ben T. Reu T. Jos T.Napht T. Ash T.Sim T. Zeb T.Dan T. Koh

Old testament evidence

Kalam cosmological argument, Genesis 1:1

Planets are initially formless and occasionally surrounded by solid water; Genesis 1:2

Holy Spirit/Spirit of God, Genesis 1:2, Exodus 31:1–6, 1 Samuel 10:10
“all these statements the Shekinah is identical with the Holy Spirit.” IQS VIII, 5Q11 CD II:11-12, 4QD 9:11

Photon epoch to the “Dark ages”, Genesis 1:3-4

Land emerged from the depths, Genesis 1:9-10, Psalm 104:6-9, Proverbs 3:19, Proverbs 8:27-29, Job 38:4-7, 2 Peter 3:5

Genesis 1:14-18 (& v2) as a polemic against ancient near-east (ANE) astral & aquatic religions

A similar story to Adam and Eve: The adapa tablet A.K.A. the adam and eve seal. Genesis 2:7-3:24

The Tigris river; Genesis 2:14

The city of Ashur (Aššur)

The Euphrates river

Males and females become one, Genesis 2:24, Mark 10:8

A new computer model for ancestral humans

Humans return to dust (eventually); Genesis 3:19

Cities, Human Rule and Genealogies in Genesis [4]–11

Few of the earliest archaeological mentions of the LORD's name, Genesis 4:26, 12:9; Exodus 3:14

Weld prism, Genesis 5:27

The sons of god were priests of authority, Genesis 6:2

The Nephilim may have been the offspring of the Naditum priesthood (daughters of men) who broken their vows of celibacy, Genesis 6:2, 4

Noah's “ark” (Tebah) was an Egyptian loan word for chest or coffin (Tebat), Genesis 6:14-15

The flood. Virtually every religion and certain fields of science talks about it. Genesis 6:17 ?

120 year lifespan limit, Genesis 6:3; (or it could mean the time between the declaration and when the flood started)

The neolithic migration pattern and the spread of languages are exceptionally similar to what one would expect from the sons of Adam's and Noah's descendants' migration pattern.

If we assume that “sons” are referring to tribes then these were their locations; Japheth; Genesis 10:2

Kittim/Cethim (Larnaca), Genesis 10:3, Jeremiah 2:10, Ezekiel 27:6

Tarshish, Genesis 10:3

If we assume that “sons” are referring to tribes then these were their locations; Ham; Genesis 10:6

City of Babylon (Bar.Ki.Bar, Nun.Ki or Bāb-ilim); Genesis 10:10

City of Accad

City of Erech

Shanhar = Shinar;article=11803

City of Calah. Genesis 10:11

Crete (Caphtor, Kaptara, Keftiu) the land of the Caphtorites, Genesis 10:14, Amos 9:7, Zephaniah 2:5

Hittites; Genesis 10:15, Exodus 3:8, 2 Chronicles 1:17

City of Sidon (Siduna), Genesis 10:15, 19

Arka (Irqata), Genesis 10:17, 1 Chronicles 1:15

Arvad (Arwada), Genesis 10:18

If we assume that “sons” are referring to tribes then these are their locations; Shem; Genesis 10:22

Ophir (India), Genesis 10:29, 1 Kings 10:22, 2 Chronicles 9:21, Esther 1:1 10th century

(Brick) Construction began in Mesopotamia; Genesis 11

The migration from the east into Mesopotamia; Genesis 11:2

An epic regarding the confusion of tongues as you would expect if the event happen in Babylon; Genesis 11:7-9; 21st century B.C.E.

A group of Semites traveled to Mesopotamia and across the Fertile crescent; Genesis 11:27-31; Acts 7:2, 3rd millennium B.C.E.

Terah is perhaps identified as Te'irru/Terru of Urkesh, Genesis 11:26-27

The earliest known extra-biblical evidence for Abraham, Genesis 11:26, 10th Century B.C.E.

The etymology and history of the kaṣādum/Chaldeans; Genesis 11:28, 15:5-7 (Note “North of today's Syria and South of Turkey” was near where the Eblaite empire used to reside.)

The Ur of Chaldeans (Ur Kasdim) may have been Urkesh of Syria, Genesis 11:28

The site of Haran (Ḫa-ra-an), Genesis 11:31
Haran is around modern-day Şanlıurfa, Turkey. Haran acted as a large religious center for pagan worship which consistent with Terah's idolatrous nature.

Land of Canaan 2nd millennium B.C.E. Genesis 12:5

Traveling Semites (“Asiatics”) would venture to Egypt, the teaching for king Merikare 161, Genesis 12:10

“from its inception unit of the tenth century, the term 'pharaoh' stood alone, without juxtaposed personal name. In subsequent periods, the name of the monarch was generally added... the usage of 'pharaoh in Genesis and Exodus does accord well the Egyptian practice from the fifteenth through the tenth centuries.” - Israel in Egypt, James K. Hoffmeier, Genesis 12:15, Exodus 1:11

The use of domesticated camels within the fertile crescent during 2nd millennium B.C.E.; Genesis 12:16

The History of Melchizedek, who is Shem and would eventually become the Messiah and Savior of the World.

Locations and customs: Ebla tablets.

Nuzi tablets for cultural background

King Ariukki/Arriyuk as Arioch, king of Ellasar, Genesis 14:1, 9

Hammurabi was the king of Babylon and he's identified by scholars as the "Amraphel" of the Bible, Genesis 14:1

Hatzatzon-Tamar; Genesis 14:7

Chedorlaomer (Kuderlahgamal); Genesis 14:9

Tar pits found in the Jordan, suggesting that's the surrounding area of Sodom, Genesis 14:10

The Hubattu/Habiru/Apiru like “Hebrews” were seen as sojourners or social classes; Genesis 14:13, 39:14, 17; Exodus 21:2; 1 Samuel 14:21 (not to be mistaken for simply “Jews” or “Israelites”)

Tel Dan Gate, the location of Dan, Genesis 14:14, 18th Century B.C.E.

Trained solders on martial arts; Genesis 14:14

Damascus (EA 194-97, the mayor, Biryawaza), Genesis 14:15

City of Salem then Jerusalem (Uru-Salim or Urusalimum): Genesis 14:18, Joshua 10:1

Abraham made a suzerainty treaty with God, Genesis 15:5-21

The Names Shaddai and Abram, Genesis 17:1

Ancient middle eastern customs of hospitality, Lot's care & protection of the angels, Genesis 19

The ancient belief of the multiplicity within the Godhead; Genesis 19:24, Psalm 110:1, Amos 4:10-11, John 5:30, Romans 1:2-4, 8:1-4; 1 Corinthians 15:24-28

Canaanite DNA and philistine DNA mixed: Genesis 21, Deutero 2:32

Tribe of Gad (line 6) Genesis 30:11
Bezer (line 10) Deuternomy 4:43
Kemoš/Chemosh, Numbers 21:9
Arnon (line 10) Numbers 21:13
Jahaz (line 8) Numbers 21:23
Dibon (line 1, 8 & 11) Numbers 21:30
Medeba (line 4 & 12) Numbers 21:30
Ataroth (line 6) Numbers 32:3-4
Aroer (line 10) Numbers 32:24
Beth Ball Meon (line 4 & 12) Joshua 13:7 Ezekiel 25:9
Kiriathaim (line 4) Joshua 13:19 Ezekiel 25:9
Omri (line 2 & 4) 1 Kings 16:16

The foundation stone of Moriah, Genesis 22 (Psalm 118:22 And Isaiah 28:16?)

Speckled Jacob sheep, Genesis 30:32

Edom as a mining city, which may suggest that Edomites once had a powerful kingdom, Genesis 32:3, Deuteronomy 8:6-9

City of Shechem (or Sekmem). Genesis 33:18, Joshua 24:32, Judges 9:6, 1 Kings 12:1 [The Madaba Map]

Mari tablets for cultural background; Gen 33:19; 34:1–3

Khenti uash of Keshu (chief Jeush of Cushan); Genesis 36:5, 15, 18; Habakkuk 3:7, 20th-19th century B.C.E.,

The Midianites; Genesis 36:37

Edomites, mountains of Seir, Bozrah, Teman and Petra; Gensis 36:43, Ezekiel 25:14.

Heshbon Ostraca 4-8; Genesis 37:25 Genesis 43:ll, Baalis, Jeremiah 40:14

A depiction of the balm tree and a mention regarding Gilead,the city, Genesis 37:25, Jeremiah 8:22,

Hammurabi code no.208, 214, and 252 one-third of a Mina is worth 20 silver shekels, Genesis 37:28

Onan violated Tamar's levirate marriage and the tribe of Judah, Genesis 38:3-10

Joseph and his wesekh (or usekh) of gold to signify of high Egyptian rank and honour, Genesis 41:42

The seal of Joseph, Genesis 42-49, 18th-17th century

The old kingdom had chariots (although they may not have been used for war); Genesis 50:9

David Rohl's hypotheses and their counterarguments

Goshen (Gesem); Genesis 46:34
John Van Seters, "The Geography of the Exodus," in Silberman, Neil Ash (editor), The Land That I Will Show You: Essays in History and Archaeology of the Ancient Near East in Honor of J. Maxwell Miller (Sheffield Academic Press, 1997) pp. 267–26
Papyrus Anastasi IV

Pharoahs viewed Asaitics living Egypt as abominations; Genesis 46:34

Iron age four room house at Avaris (it's under the city of Rameses) almost identical to that of ancient Israelite homes; Genesis 47:11
1991. An Iron Age Four Room House in Ramesside Egypt. Eretz Israel (A. Biran Volume) 23: 10–12.

70 day -with 40 days of drying- mummification procedure, Genesis 50:2-3

Capturing and enslaving the hebrews. “...My soldiers were as lions are with their spoil, having serfs.” Exodus 1:11 search “: four”

The locations of the city of Ramesse, Pi-hahiroth (Pi-hahirot), Baal-Zephon, Migdol, Sukkot/Succoth (tjeku), Exodus 1:11

King Seti I was the person who changed the name of the city of 'Avaris' to “Rameses”. Genesis 47:11 states that Joseph was given the property of Rameses.But if Joseph was king Seti I's vizor...then the exodus had to occurred in the 10th-9th century (at the earliest!) after ~430 years in Egypt, which not only contradicts everything in scripture, but also in biblical archaeology.
Obviously the references of the LAND (not city) of Rameses is about a location, not a period of time, so it's more than possible that later scribes/translators modify the text so future readers could locate the places mentioned (most likely during king Josiah's reign), after all, that's what happed with Yam Suph or should I write “Red sea”, “Sea of the end/sea of Aqaba” or “Sea (lake) of Reeds”?

Semites creating bricks in Egypt though slave labor; Exodus 1:14

Shiphrash slave list, Brooklyn 35.1446, two women preventing the genocide of Hebrew children. Exodus 1:15-21 and other names Menahem, Isaachar, Usher. ??

Death of asiatic infants: “The mistresses of Avaris shall not conceive,” Exodus 1:16

Egyptian practice of midwives with birthstools; Exodus 1:16

The understanding of pure actuality, Exodus 3:14, Revelation 1:8

The Arm of God versus the Arm of the Pharaoh, Exodus 3:19, 6:6

The plagues of Egypt. The Ipuwer papyrus; Exodus 7:14-12, 1850-1450 B.C.E.

A mixed multitude in Avaris; Exodus 12:38

Semitic abecedary found in Egypt reflecting the conservative archaeologists of dating of Exodus; 1450 B.C.E.

The way of the land of the Philistines was the way of Horus road; Exodus 13:17

Radiocarbon dating of grass seeds( in addition to various artificates) suggests that Avaris was partly abandoned around 1450 B.C.E. (the rest of Avaris was mainly used as a cemetery)

How eastern winds could split the sea of Suf; Exodus 14:21

The Sinai was a Savannah one might be able to scavenge off, Exodus 16

The earliest extra-biblical mention of the sabbath, Yavne-Yam ostracon v. 5, Exodus 16:23-29, 7th B.C.E.

ANE vassal treaties has been applied to the Sinai covenant in Exodus 20, and the Moab covenant in Deuteronomy 1-3.

Necessary generational changes/adaption; Exodus 20:5, Leviticus 26:39, Deuteronomy 23:7-9, Numbers 14:18

The ark of the covenant in its Egyptian context; Exodus 25:10-22

Clay pomegranate ornament, Exodus 28:34

The Ancient Near Eastern Tradition of Anointing Priests, Exodus 28:41, 29:21

Beka weight from the Temple Mount, Exodus 38:26

Proof that Passover was practiced as far back as 5th century B.C.E.

Ancient shame and guilt cultures, Leviticus 5:6, 5:15

All these animals whose bones were found were categorized by Leviticus as pure animals, Leviticus 11:1-23

ANE Kosher practices, Leviticus 11:7, 10

The protocol for the unsanitary condition of carcasses, Leviticus 11:28, Numbers 5:2-3 (warning: the link may contain unsettling graphics)

The 8th day is the optimum day for circumcision to avoid excessive bleeding from the lack of vitamin K, Leviticus 12:3

Early development of sanitization by isolation, Leviticus 13:1-5

Unwashed hands spread diseases, Leviticus 15:13

Why water your seed after plowing, Leviticus 15:16-18

Cultural ANE view of Menstruation, Leviticus 15:19-30

It's not about the goat: the scapegoat ritual of Leviticus 16[:20-22] in its ancient near eastern context

Life is in the blood; Leviticus 17:11

Acknowledgment of male proclivity (and warning) for polygyny, Leviticus 18:18; Deuteronomy 17:17, 21:15

Promiscuity slowly corrodes social cohesion, Leviticus 19:29

Canaanite ritual cutting, Leviticus 19:28

Why eugenics was practiced on adulterers under the old covenant, Leviticus 20:10, Deuteronomy 22:22

Stress from neglect extends plant's longevity & the Atmospheric dust cycle helps with soil exhaustion, Leviticus 25:1-7; Deuteronomy 15:1-10

Mesha Stele mentions king Balak, Numbers 22:2, 9th century

The guy with a talking donkey, Balaam son of beor , Deir alla inscription. Numbers 22-24

High Place in Tel Gezer (and Patra), Numbers 33:52

Gennesaret/Kinneret (Kennarout); Numbers 34:11, Deuteronomy 3:17; Joshua 11:2, 12:3; Matthew 14:34, Mark 6:53, Luke 5:1

Kadesh-barnea , Deuteronomy 1:2

Ammonites, Deuteronomy 2:19, Judges 11:1-28

Kedemoth/Qedemoth (Qedem), Deuteronomy 2:24-26

The tale of Aqhat mentions Rapauma (Rephaim); Deuteronomy 3:11; 14th century B.C.E.

Rephaim in other Ugaritic sources.

Jewish amulet Shema' Yisrael: Deuteronomy 6:4

Gilgal, Deuteronomy 11:30, Joshua 15:7, II Kings 2:1–2; 4:38–44

(Permanent?) persistent inequality, Deuteronomy 15:11, Matthew 26:11, Mark 14:7, John 12:8

Deuteronomic Kingship and the ANE, Deuteronomy 17:14-20

Early development of fecal pollution sanitization, Deuteronomy 23:12-13

Perhaps why children aren’t to bear the sins of the fathers, Deuteronomy 24:16, Ezekiel 18:20

The laws of inheritance similarity, Deuteronomy 25:5-10

Making the Cut: Covenant, Curse and Oath in Deut 27-29 and the Incantation Plaques of Arslan Tash

Traces of Assyrian treaty formulae in Deuteronomy 28:23

Medicinal plants of the Bible—revisited; Deuteronomy 29:18; 2 Kings 20:7; Jeremiah, 8, 22; 46, 11; 51, 8

Ancient Israelite house Joshua & Judges

Possible Canaanite cities from Egyptian Execration Texts

Joshua's conquest of tribes and lands

Ashtaroth (Aštartu) Joshua 2:13, 9:10, 1 Samuel 7:4

Jericho, Joshua 6

Joshua's curved sword is likely a bronze khopesh, Joshua 8:18, 26

Case for Joshua 10

Execration Texts & Hieratic script are the earliest mentions of Jerusalem; Joshua 10:1; 19th B.C.E.

Lachish; Joshua 10:3

Makkedah, Joshua 10:10

Azekah; Joshua 10:10-11, 15:20; 1 Samuel 17, Jeremiah 34:6-7

Sennacherib's Prism, Bassorilievi assiri del, The Lachish Letters, Mass Deportations of the Assyrian Empire, Joshua 10:31, Isaiah 37:8, 2 Kings 18:14

Gezer (Gaazri); Joshua 10:33; 16:10; Judges 1:29; 1 Kings 9:19

Tel Eton has been identified as Eglon, Joshua 10:34–36; 15:39

Achshaph (Akszapa), Joshua 11:1

Philistines, Joshua 11:1-2, Judges 3:1-3 1 Samuel 4:1 1 Samuel 13:5. chariots

Destruction of of Hazor (Hasura) by fire; Joshua 11:10-13, Judges 4-5, 14th century B.C.E.

Geshurites; Joshua 12:5,13:11,13:13;

Taanach; Joshua 12:21, 1 Kings 4:12, 1 Chronicles 7:29

Megiddo (magiidda); Joshua 12:21

City of Ekron, The Ruler of Ekron Inscription, Ekron Royal Dedicatory Inscription; Joshua 13, 1 Kings 2:39-40 , Judges 10:6, 2 Kings 1, Amos 1, Isaiah 2:6

Tell es-Safi. the enterance of gath (powerful earthquake 1:1 Amos??); Joshua 13:3, 1 Samuel 5:8, 17, 21:10,

City of Gath (Ginti-kirmil), Joshua 13:3; 1 Samuel 6:17; 2 Chronicles 26:6

Gebal (Gub-la or Byblos), Joshua 13:5

Kirjath-anab, Beth-Sepher, Deper, Kadesh, Temenet?, Beth-sha-el?, Megiddo, and Jordan are Anab, Kirjath-Sepher, Debir, Kadesh, Timnath?, Bethsaida?, Megiddo, and Jordan respectively, Joshua 15:15
The Kin might be the Kenizzites, Joshua 14:14-15
One group of the descendants of Anak, Sheshai, perhaps referencing to these Shosu people. A royal egyptian cubit is about 53 cm or 20.9”, so these “Shosu”s were approximately 212-265cm or 7'-8'9” tall. Numbers 13, Judges 1:20

Ziklag; Joshua 15:31, 19:5; 1 Samuel 27:5-6

Names of cities and people the Fiscal bullae: Joshua 15:20-63

Beth Shan, Joshua 17:11, Judges 1:27. 1 Chronicles 7:29

Shiloh; Joshua 18:1, 1 Samuel 3:21, Jeremiah 7:14,

Shunaam (Szunama); Joshua 19:18

The Israelites engaged in idol worship even in Egypt; Joshua 24:14

The failure of conquering Canaan and eliminating the Canaanites for idolatry; Judges 1-2:3, Matthew 15:21-28. (Also Jesus may have had a Disciple who is/or partly Canaanite: Simon Cananeus)

Sisera was likely a descendant from Sardinia, Judges 4

The name Jerubaal was found on an inscription, supporting Judges 6:31-32

The east gate of Shechem where Gaal and Zebul watched the forces of Abimelech approach the city; Judges 9:34-38

Denying Marriage: A cunning royal strategy, Judges 11:30, 36-37

Samson, the leader of the Danunym...or the Danites? Judges 13-16

Tell en-Nasbeh, Mizpah of Benjamin; Judges 20:1-11, 1 Sam 7:5-12, 1 Sam 10:17-24, 2 Kgs 25:23-26; Jer 40:6- 42:22

The use of a sling in warfare and herding Judges 20:16, 1 Samuel 17:40 (also king Tutankhamun had a sling)

Merenptah Stele, first ever mention of Israel.

Philistines are known for the iron works including knives, plowshares, weapons, etc.; 1 Samuel 13:19-21

Pim weight; 1 Samuel 13:21

Beauty Goes Down to the Core: Attractiveness Biases Moral Character Attributions, 1 Samuel 16:7

Khirbet Qeiyafa, 'the Two Gates', 1 Samuel 17:52; 1 Chronicles 4:31

Proof that the name “Eshbaʿal” (or Ishbaal) was use outside of 2 Samel 2–4, it's in the same era as well

Geshur; 2 Samuel 3:3

Island and city of Tyre (Ṣurru), 2 Samuel 5:11, Nehemiah 13:16, Ezekiel 26:2-5, Matthew 11:21

Fortress of Zion, 2 Samuel 5, 11th century

Iron Age Pottery from the Cave of the Patriarchs (bones have yet to be reported), 2 Samuel 7:12

Tilgath Pileser III - Campaigns Against Syria - ANET Volume 1, Sargon's Palace Inscription, 2 Samuel 8:9, 1 Chronicles 18:3, Isaiah 37:13, B.C.E._Tel_Aviv_22_1995_pp._268-278

The short-term mating phase, 2 Samuel 11:4

Abel Beth Maacah; 2 Samuel 20:19, 2 Chronicles 16:4

The Khirbet Qeiyafa ostracon is the capital informing a local official of the ascent of Saul or David to the throne, 2 Samuel 23:1-7

Horned altar found at the Shiloh; 1 Kings 2:28, Jeremiah 7:12; 1200-586 B.C.E.

The first temple, ostracon 18 from Arad (page 450), 1 Kings 5:1, 7th century B.C.E.

Merneptah’s destruction of Gezer, 1 Kings 9:16

Tadmor–Palmyra, a desert city that was fortified by King Solomon; 2 Chronicles 8.4, 1 Kings 9:17

Ezion-geber; 1 Kings 9:26

King Hiram I/Ahirom; 1 Kings 9:27 11-10th B.C.E.

Ophir ostracon demythicizing Ophir gold; 1 kings 9:28, Job 28:16, Isaiah 13:12, 1 Chr 29:4 8th century B.C.E.

Ammonite child sacrifice, 1 Kings 11:7

Hadadezer (Adad-idri); 1 kings 11:23

The campaign to Israel written on the temple of Amun: 1 kings 14:25-26.

Ben-Hadad I, king of Aram; 1 Kings 15:18-22, 20:1-43; 2 Chronicles 16:1-6

Those of the house of David; 1 Kings 15:20, Judges 18:27-29 (line 13)

The stele of zakkur, Hazael King of Syria Statue, Saba'a Conquest Stele of Adad-nirari III, Hindanu Stele; 1 kings 19:15, 2 Kings 13:1-3

Abel-Meholah; 1 Kings 19:15-17

Esarhaddon; 1 Kings 19:36–37; Isaiah 37:37–38, 681–669 B.C.E.

The Moabite stela: Moabite Stone, Mesha King of Moab, 2 kings 1:1; 3:4-27

Inscribed altar from the Khirbat Ataruz Moabite sanctuary; Israelite Hegemony over Moab; 2 Kings 3:4-8 ~800BC

Omride Palatial Architecture as Symbol in Action: Between State Formation, Obliteration, and Heritage, 2 Kings 9:1-10

Galiath? 2 Kings 12:18

Jeroboam II, who likely owned the 'solomonic' stables; 2 Kings 14, 8th century B.C.E.

Servant of Jeroboam, Seal of Megiddo, 2 kings 14:23-25

Tiglath-Pileser. Menahem; 2 Kings 15, Hoshea, 2 Kings 15-17

Menahem; 2 Kings 15:19-20, 8th century B.C.E. (2010)

King Pekah (Peqah) and Hosea; 2 Kings 15:25

King Ahaz; 2 Kings 16, Isaiah 7-9, 2 Chronicles 28

King Rezin (Raḫiānu) of Aram; 2 Kings 16:7–9

The fall of Samaria to Sargon II written on his palace walls; 2 kings 17:3-6, 24, 18:9-11.

Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser, King Ahab, Jehu of Bit Omr; 2 Kings 17:3, 2 Kings 8:26, 2 kings 9-10 Ahab, the isrealite

Osorkon IV/So, king of Egypt, 2 Kings 17:4

The men of Cuth and the idol of Nergal, 2 Kings 17:30

Siege of Lachish by Sennacherib, written in the Lachish reliefs; 2 kings 18:13-17.

King Nebuchadnezzar; 2 kings, Daniel 4 Evil-merodach, 2 kings 18:18-37.

Philistines (or 'of those in Ashkelon') were conquered; 2 Kings 18:33-35

Hezekiah the Judahite; 2 Kings 19; 2 Chronicles 32 and Isaiah 37

Tirhakah/Taharqa, king of Ethiopia; 2 Kings 19:9 Isaiah 37:9

Nineveh; 2 Kings 19:36, Zephaniah 2:13, Jonah 1:2

Adrammelech/Arad-mullissu, son and assassin of Sennacherib; 2 Kings 19:37

God's word against the Assyrian king; 2 Kings 19:28

Marduk-apla-iddina II; 2 Kings 20:12 (here called Berodach-baladan), Isaiah 39:1

Hezekiah's Tunnel; 2 Kings 20:20, 2 Chronicles. 32:30 n 9:5-7, 2 Chronicles 32:2-4

Josiah's reforms, 2 Kings 22-23

Spaphan; 2 Kings 22:3

King Manasseh; 2 Kings 22:4

Hilkiah; 2 Kings 22:4

Ba'al theology includes astronomical deities such as; Shapash, Yarikh, Shahar, (Asherah?) and Shalim, 2 Kings 23:4-5

Beersheba Altar; 2 Kings 23: 6-10

The practice of child sacrifice in the Levant; 2 Kings 23:10-11

Nathan-Melech, servant of the King [Josiah]; 2 Kings 23:11

Captivity of Jehoiachin in Babylon; kings 24:15-16

King Nebuchadnezzar burned down the temple, the palace, and “all the great houses”; 2 Kings 25:9, Jeremiah 32:29, 586 B.C.E..

Gedaliah; 2 Kings 25:22-24

King Jehoiakhin; 2 Kings 25:27

Seal of Jezaniah. Seal of Seraiah son of Neriah; 2 Kings 25:23, Jeremiah 36:4,Jeremiah 51:59, .

The name “Netanyahu”, perhaps even the same person; 2 Kings 25:23; Jeremiah 36:14, 40:8

Bulla of Azariah son of Hilkiah during Josiah’s reign; 1 Chronicles 6:13, Ezra 7:1

The royal steward Adoniyahu seal; 2 Chronicles 17:8

The Priestly Immer seal;1 Chronicles 24:14, Jeremiah 20:1–2

King Uzziah, The Uzziah Tablet; 2 Chronicles 26:23, Isaiah 6:1, Amos 1:1

Akeldama; 2 Chronicles 33:6?, Jeremiah 7:30-32?, Matthew 27:3-10

Carchemish; 2 Chronicles 35:20, Isaiah 10:9, Jeremiah 46:2

Necho II; 2 Chronicles 35:20 & 22, 2 Chronicles 36:4 Jeremiah 46:1-10 Herodotus
“while he also made war by land upon the Syrians and defeated them in a pitched battle at Magdolus” [24] ?

Tobiah the ammanite Ezra and Nehemiah

Esarhaddon, Ezra 4:2, Isaiah 37:38

Context; Ezra 4:4-7, Esther 2:6, Esther 2:5-6 .

King Artaxerxes I Longimanus Ezra 4:6-7

Osnappar/Ashurbanipal, King of Assyria, Ezra 4:10

Tattenai (Tattannu) Ezra 5:3

Darius Seated Ezra 5:7, Esther 4:11

The Elephantine Papyri, Sanballat the Horonite and Johanan; Nehemiah 2:19, 12:23

An inscription on the Tell el-Maskhuta Bowls “Qaunu, the son Gashmu, the king of Keda” Geshem, Nehemiah 2:19, 6:1-6 ~500 B.C.E.

Darius II Nothus, Nehemiah 12:22

The territory of the Achaemenid Empire, Esther 1:1, Esther 8:9; Esther 10:1

The citadel of Susa which Xerxes (routinely) stayed, Esther 1:2

The tribute from the “princes of the provinces” i.e. satrapies, for the great gathering, Esther 1:3

A royal & military desplay of riches, Esther 1:4

The great feast of the Persians in the audience/garden hall, Esther 1:5, 5:5, 7:7

Persian drinking according to edict, Esther 1:8, 10

Eariest depiction of a Persain queen and what's left of her crown, Esther 1:11-12

Few Achaemenid kings are known to want to desplay their wives' beauty, Esther 1:11

King Xerxes’ fury , Esther 1:12, 2:1

A standing body of seven, Marsena/Mardonius, Admatha/Artabanus, Esther 1:14

The Persian practice of polygyny, Esther 2:2-3

The king's gate, Esther 2:19

Impalement as a practice in the Achaemenid Empire, secretaries recording the king activities, Esther 2:23, 6:1

Many cuneiform tablets were issued by king Xerxes, Esther 3:14 ??

The city of Susa, Esther 3:15

Achaemenid clothing, Esther 4:4

The Persian scepter, Esther 4:11

Xerxes' palace of the outer court, the inner court, and the throne/private room from Google map, Esther 5:1

Xerxes I has the habit of making extravagant (hyperbolic?) offers to women, Esther 5:3

Xerxes' royal courtyard, Esther 6:4

The color of royal Persian clothing, Esther 6:8

The royal horses (with crowns) as seen by the Persians, Esther 6:8

Papyrus habitat, Job 8:11-12 (Wetlands section)

Shaking of the earth effects its rotation, Job 9:6

The earth has multiple foundations/pillars and they tremble Job 9:6, Psalm 18:7, Proverbs 8:29

“The sun doesn't rise or set.” Job 9:7

Stars are sealed by gravity. Job 9:7

The expansion/stretching of the universe; Job 9:8, Isaiah 40:22;42:5;45:12;51:13,

Wisdom of the ages, Job 12:12, 32:7

Unlike humans, trees can reemerge from 'death', Job 14:7-10

The Boötes void of the northern sky; Job 26:7

Earth is suspended in space; Job 26:7 (compare this to other ancient religious beliefs like the cosmetic turtle)

The Hydrologic Cycle Job 26:8, Ecclesiastes 1:7, Amos 9:6

Clouds, light and darkness between the horizon, Job 26:10

There's 'fire' under the earth, Job 28:5

Air has weight Job 28:25

The song of the stars, Job 38:7

There are water tables under the ocean, which can become springs, Job 38:8

Spinning of the earth, Job 38:12-14

Springs and valleys/mountains in/on the ocean floor, Job 38:16, Proverbs 8:27-28, 2 Samuel 22:16, Jonah 2:5-6

Solar winds from the east (the rotation of the earth around the sun A.K.A. the dawn), Job 38:24

The freezing temperatures of the heavens (it's technologically, partly responsible for how the earth has winters), Job 38:29

The formation of certain star clusters, Job 38:31-32
Pleiades ( is being “bind”ed by gravitational forces.
The stars the make Orion's belt (Alnilam, and Mintaka and Alnitak) are in fact moving away from the Orion's star formation (
Arcturus ( is collecting stars as it travels across the universe.

Oceans have natural paths, Psalm 8:8

Anti-theism Psalm 14:1

The Orbit of the Sun Psalms 19:4-6

Metaphor and Meaning in Psalm 23: Provisions for “a Table in the Presence of my Enemies”

The 'still waters' might be in reference to Wadi Qelt, Psalm 23:2

Prayer can help one to recover, Psalm 30:2, 2 Kings 20:5, James 5:14

ANE's view of the kidneys, Psalm 73:21

Observing the scriptures and literacy, Psalm 78:5-6

Field of Zoan, known as Tanis, Psalm 78:12, 43

The valley of Baka is northern Israel, Psalm 84:6

Proto-Sinaitic script, several proposed that it's the earliest Hebraic alphabetôl_New_Evidence_for_the_Origin_of_the_Alphabet_from_the_Western_Desert_of_Egypt

The universe will die, not with a crunch, but with a whimper, Psalm 102:25-27, Isaiah 51:6, Matthew 24:35, Hebrews 1:10–11

The great Atum hymn and Psalm 104: a comparative approach

Rain needs to evaporate before regrouping as a cloud, Psalm 135:7, Isaiah 55:10

Knitting and spools with DNA Psalm 139:13

Enjoy romance while young, Proverbs 5:18, Ecclesiastes 9:9

Alcoholism may promote infidelity, Proverbs 5:20, Hosea 4:11 (AVP promotes monogamy in men as well)

Planning adultery during partners' absence, Proverbs 7:18-19

Promiscuous women prefer strong men, Proverbs 7:26

Insults can be physically painful, compliments are peaceful, Proverbs 12:18

Abrupt/dishonest pay and accumulation of wealth, a comparison, Proverbs 13:11 (also look on 1 Timothy 6:10)

Morality and the impact of time, Proverbs 13:22,mogilner_time,money_psychs_2013.pdf?sequence=1

Positive messengers are contagious, Proverbs 15:30

Laughter is therapeutic, Proverbs 17:22a

Depression shrinks the bones, Proverbs 17:22b

Benefits of peer preview, Proverbs 18:17

Neurological affects of charity, Proverbs 19:17, 22:9

Sleeping addiction affects performance, Proverbs 20:13

Harmful affects of alcohol, Proverbs 23:29-30

Alcohol can acutely stop you from feeling pain, Proverbs 23:35

Singing alone may cause an increase in stress signals from the amygdala, Proverbs 25:20

Historical, Egyptian context of coals upon one's or ”lighted brazier on his” head, Proverbs 25:22

Arrogance is inhibitory, Proverbs 26:12

Conscientiousness is negatively, where narcissism is positively, associated with infidelity, Proverbs 30:20

Global atmospheric circulation, Ecclesiastes 1:6

Learning from pain, Ecclesiastes 1:18

Physical activity and satistifcation (daily), Ecclesiastes 2:24, 3:22

Humans are one of the beasts of the field, Ecclesiastes 3:18-20

Collaboration produced better outcomes than individualization, Ecclesiastes 4:9

Physical activity and consumption effect sleep hygiene, Ecclesiastes 5:12

Life isn't fair, Ecclesiastes 9:11

The scientific method doesn't (can't) observe supernatural occurrences, Ecclesiastes 11:5

Over-studying might cause bodily harm, Ecclesiastes 12:12

Discovery of Isaiah's seal impression

The opening of the mouth as a purifcation ritual, much like Isaiah's lips becoming cleansed, Isaiah 6:7

Sargon II Relief Isaiah 10:5-13

Cyrus, Isaiah 11:1, Jeremiah 50:2; 51:44, Daniel 5:30-31, Ezra 1:1-4, 6:3-4. 46:1 I

Winged Bull - One Sided Alabaster Relief of Sargon and His High Official Isaiah 20:1 Isaiah 20:6 ?

Sargon II overwhelmed the coastal city of Ashdod Isaiah 20:1

The royal steward Inscription of Shebna , Isaiah 22:15, 7th B.C.E.

Names, military, assassinations and royalty. The annals of Sennacherib:(Isaiah 37:33-38)

ABC 23 Market Prices Chronicle Line 10 and Line 38, Merodach Baladan, Isaiah 39

The noun חוּג in Isaiah 40:22 can mean circle, orb, horizon, etc. The verse might be better understood as “the circumference of the earth”

Tomb of Cyrus, Isaiah 45:1

Bel and Nebo. The Pagan Gods of Babylon., Nebuchadnezzar India Office Inscription. Ancient Near East Texts Isaiah 46:1

The Siege of Babylon, Isaiah 43:14, 46-47, 689 BC

The mention the warning text; Temple Warning Inscription; Isaiah 56:7, Matthew 23:13, Mark 11:17-18, Ephesians 2:13-14

Lachish Ostraca 4 Jeremiah 6:1, 34:7 6th century B.C.E.

The worship of Baal and Tanit. Jeremiah 7:31, Jeremiah 19:13, Psalm 106:38.

Pashur/Pashhur Jeremiah 20:1, 38:1-4

Lachish Ostracon 3, Jeremiah 26:20-23 6th century B.C.E.

70 year of Babylonian empire before it falls to the Persian empire (battle of Harran, 609 B.C.E., to the battle of Opis, 539 B.C.E.), Jeremiah 29:10

Gemariah, Jeremiah's scribe Jeremiah 36:10

Jerahmeel. Jerahmeel seal, Jeremiah 36:26

Jehucal, son of shelemiah. Jehucal Bulla, Gedaliah Bulla. 6th century. Jeremiah 38:1 Jeremiah 37:3

Official hated his prophet, Jeremiah 38:4

Lachish Ostracon #6, the idiom “weakening the hands” for demoralization, Jeremiah 38:4

Gedaliah, who is over the House. Jeremiah 39. (questionable source)

Nebo-Sarsekim Jeremiah 39:3

Hoshaiah/Hoshiyahu, Jeremiah 42:1;43:2

Jews in Egyptian locations, Jeremiah 44:1

King Zedekiah and the Babylonian Chronicle, head of King Hophra (Apries); Jeremiah 43:8-13, 44:30

Baruch Seal, Jeremiah 45:1

The Doom of Edom (Petra) in 713 CE, Jeremiah 49:15-16

Abdullah ibn al-Zubair, who was the leader of Petra (Edom), along with the the Abbasids, maybe have transformed what was once proto-islam then introduce what we understand Islam today, Jeremiah 49:17

Tel Abib/Kebar/Chebar River, Ezekiel 1:1-3; 3:15

The rate of promiscuity is inversely related to happiness, Ezekiel 6:9 (coincidence?)

Egypt propels Babylon, Ezekiel 17:15

Nebuchadnezzar had a siege against Tyre, just as Ezekiel 26 Page 324

The Assyrian Invasions & deportation around Egypt, Ezekiel 29:1-16, 673-627 B.C.

Gog is identified as Gugu(Assyrian)/Gyges, And Magog/māt Gūgi simply means “the land of Gog” which is Lydia, Ezekiel 38:2-22

Nebuchadnezzar renovate the Babylonian temple using conquered precious metals, and built a treasure room near it Daniel 1:1-2

A low glycemic load diet helps with appearances, Daniel 1:4, 12-15

Hananiah, Abednego, Mishael?/Hanunu, Arad-Nabû, Musallim-Marduk, Daniel 1:6-7 Page 203

Foretold the coming of the five empires (880 BC to 642 (AD)), Daniel 2:37-42

The fiery furnace in the book of Daniel and the ancient Near East, Daniel 3:14-15, 21

King Nebuchadnezzar may have boanthropy, Daniel 4:33

Nabonidus and Belshazzar, Nabonidus chronicle & cylinder, Daniel 5:16, 29-31; 7:1, and 8:1

The Darius Building Inscription, Behistun Inscription The Susa inscription "This palace which I built at Susa" Daniel 8:2, Esther 1:2, Esther 8:15, Ezra 4:9, built the city of Susa." -Herodotus Histories - Book 2

Alexander the Great Bust Daniel 8:2,5

The rededication of the Temple occurred on the 25th of Kislev/Apeliens, Daniel 8:13-14, December 10, 164 B.C.E.

The concept of Chrono-messiahism, Daniel 9:24-27

4Q242 Nebuchadnezzar's descendant into madness, healing from God, and the worship of precious metals, wood, & clay.

Gatekeepers of human relations & behavior, Hosea 2:5

Women's Dual Mating Strategy, Hosea 2:7

Anhedonia from continuous stimulation, Hosea 4:10

The world impedes learning, Hosea 4:11

Historical context of Amos

The symbolic meaning of the number of days mentioned in the book of Jonah, Jonah 2:1

Understanding of sheol; Jonah 2:1

Ninevah as a great city; Jonah 3:3

Nineveh's population, Jonah 4:10-11

The temple of Artemis by Herostratus. Micah says "In the house of Aphrah roll thyself in the dust." Aphrah in the Hebrew has only two meanings - Dust as in house of Dust and a Female Deer. Godess Diana, Micah 1:7-10

Bethlehem; Micah 5:2, Matthew 2:1, 2:16, Luke 2:4-6

The battle of Nineveh, Nahum 1:1-3:17 7th century B.C.E.

“After Malachi, Haggai, and Zechariah, who then prophesied, and Ezra, they [the Jews] had no prophets down to the time of the Saviour's advent except another Zechariah, the father of John [the baptist]”- Augustine of Hippo, The City of God; 17; c.24, Malachi 3:1, 4:5 -Matthew 11:10, Mark 1:2, Luke 7:27, John 1:6

The same hormone for the paternal empathy, is also the same one for children, Malachi 4:6

The Anointed one (Messiah/Christ) according to the second temple period literature;

New testament evidence

It was excepted the Christ would appear during the first century

Jesus, son of God.

Flavious Josephus antiquities of the Jews (such as Jesus the Christ, James the just, John the baptizer)

Jesus in the Talmud, mishna, and Tosefta, the works of the pharisees.

James Bejon explains why Jesus's seemingly dissimilar genealogies are actually complimentary

Messiah, son of Joseph/Ephraim, Matthew 1:21-24

Ancient eastern belief of an universal ruler from Judea; Matthew 2:1-11

The Christ would have a star in Jacob (Israel ), Matthew 2:2

Herod's death in 2-1 B.C.E. Matthew 2:19

City of Nazareth; Matthew 2:22, Mark 1:24, Luke 1:26, John 1:45-46

Herod during Jesus' early life might have been Herod Archelaus or Herod the Ethnarch Matthew 2:22

Jesus, the Nazarene in Matthew 2:23

John the Baptist and Herod; Matthew 3:1, Mark 1:4, Luke 1:13, John 1:6

The location of John the bapist's bapismal site, Matthew 3, John 1:26-27

John the baptist demonstrating extreme humility for his time, Matthew 3:11, Mark 1:7, Luke 3:16, John 1:27'Rabbi_Yishmael.21.2.6?ven=Mechilta,_translated_by_Rabbi_Shraga_Silverstein&vhe=Mekhilta_--_Wikisource&lang=bi&with=all&lang2=en

Ancient Baptism Practices and more; Matthew 3:13; Mark 1:4, 9; Luke 3:21; John 1:25-33

The Christ's baptism with the anointment of the Holy Spirit with God, the Father,'s blessing, Matthew 3:13-17 18:6-7

Earliest extra-biblical mentions of Simon Peter, Matthew 4:18

Sea of Galilee, Lake of Gennesaret or Sea of Tiberias. Matthew 4:18; 15:29, Luke 5:1, John 6:1; 21:1

The Decapolis; Matthew 4:25, Mark 5:20 & 7:31, Acts 9:22 V 5,16,2

The Meaning and Significance of this Concept of Righteousness in the Gospel of Matthew..., Matthew 5:10, 17-20

Anger and adversity kills, IQS 5:25-26; Matthew 5:21-22,-trauma,-and-mindfulness/11769140

Extra biblical references to Gehenna/Gehinom/Hell/fire respectively, Matthew 5:29-30, 10:28; Mark 9:47-48; Revelation 20:14-15 (Psalm 110:5, Isaiah 1:28-31, 10:17-18, 30:33, 66:22-24; Daniel 12:2)

A reason to forbidding relations with adulterous women including their ex-husbands, Matthew 5:32

Say what you mean, Matthew 5:37

Observational learning and imitation, Matthew 5:48, Luke 6:36, Ephesians 5:1-2

Don't be like the hypocrites, the Testament Of Asher 3, Matthew 6, 23:27-28

Charity in secret, Matthew 6:3-4

The condition of forgiveness, Matthew 6:14-15

The traditional need for oil while fasting Matt. 6:17

Pagan view of fashion Matthew 6:28,32

Eye say, wood you kindly be a beam of light and sod this off of me? It's giving me a splintering headache, Matthew 7:3-5

The golden rule is the fulfillment of the law, Matthew 7:12

Leprosy during the 1st century, Matthew 8:3, Mark 1:40, Luke 5:13

Meaning of honour and faith the ancient context, Matthew 8:5-13, Luke 7:1-10

Slavery in Early Roman Palestine; Matthew 8:5-13, 18:24-25; Mark 10:43-44; John 8:33-36

Peter's house in Capernaum, Matthew 8:14, 1st century C.E.

Capernaum. The Black Basalt synagogue at Capernaum. Matthew 8:14-16, Mark 1:21, Luke 4:31, John 6:59, 1st C.E.

Jerash (Gerasa/Gadara), Matthew 8:28-34, Mark 5:1-20, Luke 8:26-39

Talmudic mention of Matthew and other disciples/apostles, Matt 9:9, Mark 3:18, Luke 6:15

Parallels of Jesus Christ's parables found in the Mishnah. Matthew 9:16-17, Luke 6:46-49

Jairus, perhaps a hellenistic version of Jair/Yair, is an unusual name. It's only referenced by Josephus, and the synoptic gospels.
The only three related collaborations are their names, the century & country they live in, and familial status.
Josephus does record Jairus being the father of Eleazar, Simon, Judas the zealots, but doesn't record him having any daughters nor occupied any leadership positions.
Could this Simon be one of twelve of Jesus Christ's disciples; Simon the zealot? This could be the motive to specifically include the report on the miracle of the daughter's resurrection as well as who could be the eyewitness. Jarius was a son of Judas the Galilean who founded the zealot movement, so this might explain why Simon would have the title “the zealot” despite not being involved in any Jewish uprising during Christ's ministry (at least, none that new testament describes).
But keep in mind, “Simon” was a very popular 1st century, Israelite name, even among the zealots, and all of this is conjecture. Matthew 9:18-26, Mark 5:21-43, Luke 8:40-56

The Name "Iscariot", Matthew 10:4, Mark 3:19, Luke 6:16, John 6:71

Be holy, >B+ smart, Matthew 10:16

Physical indicators of abundance (regardless of emotional sentimentality) may shorten lifespan, while stress might extend it, Matthew 10:39

Rescuing lives during the Sabbath, Matthew 12:11–12, Mark 3:4, Luke 6:9, (CD XI 10-11)

The historical significance about the death after three days; Matthew 12:40, 27:63-64; Luke 23:54-24:1; John 2:19; 1 Corinthian 15:4

The scientific significance about the death after three days,
“EEG scans brain activity continues for not only 30 hours but in some cases up to 72 hours after brain death.”

Boating in the sea of Galilee; Matthew 13:47-48, John 21: 2-3

James, the biological half-brother of Jesus; Matthew 13:55, Mark 6:3

Herod's dance floor, Matthew 14:1-12, Mark 6:19-28

Herodias, Mathew 14:2–11; Mark 6:17–28; Luke 3:19–20

Herod Antipas was the herod Christ met during the trial; Matthew 14:3, Luke 3:1

Herod Philip; Matthew 14:3–4; Mark 6:17–18; Luke 3:19

Salome; Matthew 14:3–12; Mark 6:17–29

Consequences of overconsumption, Matthew 16:25, Luke 17:33

Matthew 18:15-20 in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls

The practice of serial marriages/partners is adulterous, Matthew 19:9, Mark 10:11-12

There are those who should never be married, Matthew 19:10, 1 Corinthians 7:1

Several men are born to be non-reproductive, Matthew 19:11-12

αγοραιοι/agoraioi as an insult 'common “market-folk”' for idlers or bums, Matthew 20:4, Acts 19:38, 2 Thessalonians 3:10

Coins of Herod Archelaus, Salome, Herod Philip II, Pontius Pilate, Agrippa I, etc.

The Jewish practice of laying down festive palm breaches, Matthew 21:8, Mark 11:8, John 12:13

Matthew 22:29-30

The Denarius/Tribute penny with Caesar's image; Matthew 22:15-22; Mark 12:14-17; Luke 20:20-26, 14-37 C.E.

The chair (or throne) of Moses/Chief seat, Matthew 23:2-3; Mark 12:38-40; Luke 4:16, 20:46; James 2:1-6; 2nd B.C.E.-1st C.E.

The Oath Formulas of Matthew 23:16–22 as Evidence for a Pre-70 Date of Composition for Matthew’s Gospel

The traditions on the martyrdom of the prophets (if this text is to be trusted), The Lives of the Prophets, Isaiah 1:1,7, Matthew 23:29, Luke 11:51, Hebrews 11:37

Targum to Lam. 2:20 and the Midrash Rabbah on Ec. 3:16) also refer to Zechariah the prophet as being killed in the temple makes the suggestion very attractive that Jesus is following extrabiblical tradition here Matt. 23:35

Arch of Titus Menorah Relief, Matthew 23:37-39, Mark 13:1-2, Luke 19:41-44, Luke 21:5-6, Daniel 9:24-26

Place of Trumpeting Inscription, Matthew 24:1-2

The destruction of the temple, Matthew 24:1-25:46, Mark 13:1-37, Luke 21:5-36

The sign from heaven, Matthew 24:29-31

Second Temple celebration of Pesach/Passover, Matthew 26:17; Mark 14:12, 17-26; and Luke 22:7

Pontius Pilate the governor of Judea; Matthew 27:2, Mark 15:1, Luke 3:1, John 18:28-29, 1st ca B.C.E. -1st ca C.E.

How Tanakh were quoted by scrolls, Matthew 27:9, Mark 1:2

The meaning of eclipses by Tannaites, Sukkah.29a:8-15 and Tractate Derekh Eretz Rabbah 2:26, Matthew 27:45, Mark 15:33, Luke 23:44,_trans._A._Cohen,_London:_Soncino_Press,_1965&lang=bi&with=all&lang2=en

Thallus, Julius Africanus. Fragment 13, Matthew 27:51-53

Phlegon wrote about the lunar elapse and the date.

Golgotha? Matthew 27:33

Nailing the heel bone with crucifixion.

The Lex Puteolana tablet makes detail instructions on roman crucifixion during the first century. This tablet also mentions flogging.

More gruesome discoveries on first century roman crucifixion in Jerusalem

Tomb of Jesus in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Matthew 27:60-28:8; Mark 15:46-16:8; Luke 23:53-24:10; John. 19:38-20:8

Proof of circular tomb seals in Jerusalem during the first century, which wealthy families could only afford; Matthew 27:66;
the Queen Adiabene tomb
Herod Family Tomb
the Nicophoria tomb
a tomb on Mt. Scopus,
a tomb in the Kidron Valley, and
the Hinnom Valley tomb.
Mariamne Tomb
The rolling stone of the Convent of Sisters of Nazareth? (questionable)

The criterion of embarrassment for the resurrection

Resurrection of Jesus – a comparative argument against the mythic theory hallucination theory, conspiracy theory and Christianity.

The Nazareth Inscription, Matthew 28:13-15 1st B.C.E.-1st C.E.

Earliest extra-biblical mention of the Triune baptism, Matthew 28:19

The Beginning of the Good News and an inscription about Caesar Augustus, Mark 1:1 (which CBGM agrees with)

The Petrine Kērygma and the Gospel according to Mark, Mark 1:16-18, 19, 16:7

Traditional views of honour in the gospel of Mark

Straw roof in Israelite houses; Mark 2:4

Magdala Synagogue, Mark 5:21-6:1

“Archisynagogos” is a synagogue leader, Mark 5:22, Luke 13:14; Acts 13:5; 18:8

The practice of Corban/Korban, Mark 7:11'Korban'_Inscriptions_glwsqmh_myrwslym_hnwst_ktwbwt_qrbn

The original holy water, Mark 8:23-25

The Markan divorce pericope, Mark 10:2-12

The shofaros treasury boxes, Mark 12:41

The Women's Court, Mark 12:41-44; Luke 21:1-2

The widow’s mite, Mark 12:41–44; Luke 21:1–4.

The rich gift of the poor, Mark 12:41, 2 Corinthians 8:12*.html#93

Herod's temple area renovations, Mark 13:1

The Messiah's words will never pass away, 4Q536 Column 2, Mark 13:31

“Abba" אַבָּא meant “my father” in an intimate way (not “daddy” or “papa” as the late Joachim Jeremias popularize it), Mark 14:36, Galatians 4:6, Romans 8:15,_trans._by_C.D.Ginsburg,_London_1861&vhe=Mikraot_Gedolot&lang=bi

The family tomb of Simon of Cyrene? Mark 15:21

Wine Mixed with Myrrh (Mark 15:23) and Crurifragium (John 19:31-32): Two Details of the Passion Narratives

In the Ethiopic version of the Epistula Apostolorum mentions several names of the disciples (which the Coptic doesn't contain due to the lost to time), seems to be well versed in the 4 canonical gospels, may be an early witness to the longer ending of Mark, early to mid 2nd century

Theophilus, son of Annas, Luke 1:3

Jesus as the son/heir of David, Luke 1:32

Zechariah (Ζαχαρίας) the high priest, a martyr? Luke 1:67–79

Augustus Caesar. Luke 2:1

Titulus Venetus CIL III 6687; ILS 2683 (the census/inventory of the world), the first census, Luke 2:1, 3-1 B.C.E. (remember that Galilee was part of Syria before Herod Archelaus unified the land with Judea)

The stable area of the cave, Luke 2:1-20

Lysanias; Luke 3:1

Philip, Tetrarch of Trachonitis, Iturea and other northern portions of Palestine, sometimes called Herod Philip II, to distinguish him from his half-brother, Herod Philip, who was not a ruler. Luke 3:1

Tiberius Caesar reign; Luke 3:1-2,

Annas the high priest; Luke 3:2, John 18:13, Acts 4:6

Caiaphas the high priest; Luke 3:2, John 18:13, Acts 4:5 .

Joanna (Yehoḥanah) wife of Chuza, granddaughter of Theophilus, Luke 8:3, 24:10

Give to those of peace, Luke 10:6-8

The tower of Siloam; Luke 13:4

The Medical Language of Luke 14:2 and Colossians 4:11

At any time, there is day and night on the Earth, Luke 17:34-35

Jesus as Herod Archelaus in the Parable of the minas, Luke 19:11-27

Hematidrosis on the forehead from stress, Luke 22:44

The tradition of releasing a prisoner on Passover, Luke 23:17, John 18:39-19:6

Kiriath Yearim identified as Emmaus, Luke 24:13–34

The Jewish Targums' theosophy behind the Logos in the Johannine gospel ; John 1; 1st B.C.E.-1st C.E.

The Word with the God, the Father, and for Him

The Logos in the writings of Philo of Alexandria

Trinitarian Christian house in Megiddo late third century C.E.(notice the use of the nomina sacra)

Ritual purity vessel/practices, John 2:3-8, John 11:53-55

Is Nicodemus Nakdimon (boni/buni) son of Gurion, the father of Gorion? John 3 171

Jacob's well. John 4.

Samaritans and their traditions, John 4:19-24

Early Jewish Christians, John 4:41

The pool of Bethesda, john 5:1-14.

The Sheep Gate John 5:2

Divine bread for the soul, John 6:27,32-35

The Eucharist is spiritual food, Didache 10:3-6, John 6:62

The pool of Siloam, John 9:1-4.

Life expectancy religious people, John 10:10

Festival of the Dedication, John 10:22

Solomon’s Colonnade, John 10:23; Acts 3:11, 5:12, 1st century

Early exegesis of Isaiah related to John 12:34

Divine reminder notes, John 14:26

Etymology of Agape and more (including sources), John 15:9

The judge's seat; John 19:13

Rabbinical demand for a quick burial, John 19:31

Tacitus The life of Christians and, possibly, the resurrection of Christ.

Pliny the Younger, in a letter to the Roman emperor Trajan.

Lucian of Samosata spoke of Christians and their rituals.

David, the prophet, 2 Samuel 23:2, Acts 2:30

Sharing as one mind in life and possessions, Acts 2:45, 4:32 pg 124

R. Gamaliel. Acts 5:34, 22:3

The leader of the taxation rebellion and Theudas; Acts 5:37

The days of the census, Acts 5:37, 6 C.E.

Maybe the synagogue of Freemen? Acts 6:9

Steven references the age of Moses at the time of his killing of the Egyptian as recorded in Jubilees, Acts 7:23,_trans._R._H._Charles._London_[1917]&lang=bi&with=Navigation&lang2=en

The number of years which Moses spent in Midian, Acts 7:30,_trans._R._H._Charles._London_[1917]&lang=bi&with=Navigation&lang2=en

The angel who give the Israelites their law, Jubilees 1:39-41, Acts 7:53,_trans._R._H._Charles._London_[1917]&lang=bi&with=Navigation&lang2=en

Candace Amanitaraqide, Acts 8:27; 21-41 C.E.

Ancient Caesarean harbor, Acts 8:40, 21:8, 25:6,

Ancient Antioch, Acts 11-13

The great famine, Acts 11:27-28, Amos 8:9-13?
46 C.E. paragraph, 4th. 18 paragraph

Claudius Caesar, Acts 11:28, 28:2

Herod Agrippa's death, Acts 12:23

Sergius Paulus, Quintus Sergius Paulus Inscription, L Sergius Paulis Inscription, Pliny the Elder Natural History Book 2 and 18, Paphos, Acts 13:6-12 XXX*.html#30*.html#ref15

Location of Lycaonia, Acts 14:6

Declension of the name Lystra, Acts 14:6 pg 276

Two gods known to be associated with Lystra—Zeus and Hermes, Acts 14:12

Port Attalia, which returning travelers would use, Acts 14:25

Acts 15 may be alluding to the Noahide laws

The plurality of Eldership arch, Acts 15:2, 20:28

Iconium; Acts 16:1-5, 2 Timothy 3:10, 11

Approach to Derbe and Lystra from the Cilician Gates, Acts 16:1; cf. 15:41

Form of the name Troas and it's strategic position, Acts 16:8, 20:7

The place of a conspicuous sailors’ landmark, Samothrace, Acts 16:11

Philippi, a Roman colony; Acts 16:12-39

The river (Gangites) near Philippi, Acts 16:13

Association of Thyatira as a center of dyeing, Acts 16:14 pg 109-110

The proper locations (Amphipolis and Apollonia) where travelers would spend successive nights on this journey, Acts 17:1

The Politarchs Acts 17:1-9

Jewish presence in Boeotia, and Macedonia, Acts 17:10

The abundant presence of images in Athens, Acts 17:16

Synagogue in Athens, Acts 17:17

Thessalonica (with art); Acts 17:6, 11, 13; Philemon 4:16

Hill Of Ares/Mar's hill, Athens, Acts 17:19-34

Alter of the unknown God, Acts 17:22-31

Paul quotation of greek poets; Acts 17:26, 28; Titus 1:12

Epimenides Cretica, Acts 17:28

The similar response of Greek philosophers who deny physical resurrection, Eumenides 647-48, Acts 17:32

Athenian social slang behind “spermologos”, Acts 17:34

Areopagites as the correct title for a member of the court, Acts 17:34

The Gallio Delphi inscription. Gallio's Judgment seat, The Arch of Claudius. Suetonis - Lives of the Twelve Caesars - Claudius 25. Emperor Claudius - Letter to the Alexandrians, Tacitus Annals Book 6:3, Acts 18:2-14, 17*.html

Forcing jews to leave rome, written by Suetonius: Acts 18:2.

The Corinthian synagogue inscription, Acts 18:4

Synagogue of the Hebrews inscription, Acts 18:4–7

The Godfearers, Acts 18:7

The tribunal at Corinth: Acts 18:12-17

The son's of Sceva, Acts 19:13-16

The wealth of the Ephesians, Acts 19:24, 1 Tm 6:17

Well-known shrines and images of Artemis, Acts 19:24

Theater at Ephesus, Acts 19:27, 29, 34, 35,

The Asiarchs, Acts 19:31

The cult of Artemis in Ephesus, Acts 19:34

The correct title grammateus for the chief executive magistrate in Ephesus, Acts 19:35

The proper title of honor neokoros, authorized by the Romans, Acts 19:35

Use of plural anthupatoi, perhaps a remarkable reference to the fact that two men were conjointly exercising the functions of proconsul at this time because their predecessor, Silanus, had been murdered. See Tacitus, Annals 13.1; Dio Cassius 61.6.4-5., Acts 19:38

Implement of the ethnic term Asianos, Acts 20:4

The place called Berea, Acts 20:4

The danger of the coastal trip, Acts 20:13

Miletus, Acts 20:17-38

Isle of Cos/Kos; Acts 21:1

Rhodes and/or Patara, Acts 21:1

the appropriate route passing across the open sea south of Cyprus favored by persistent northwest winds, Acts 21:3

A characteristically Jewish act of piety, Acts 21:24

The permanent stationing of a Roman cohort (chiliarch) at Antonia to suppress any disturbance at festival times, Acts 21:31

The flight of steps used by the guards, Acts 21:31, 35

The unnamed Egyptian leader, Acts 21:38

Romans rights involving torture, Acts 22:25-29, 25:16

Pliny confirms that Tarsus was a free city, Acts 22:28

Ananias, son of Nebedeus, the high priest, Acts 23:2, 24:1,_translated_by_William_Whiston&lang=bi

Felix, governor of Judah, Acts 23:26 [28]

Whose jurisdiction Cilicia was in at the time, Acts 23:34

Sometimes Christians were referred as “Nazarenes”, Act 24:5

Drusilla, Sister of Herodias and Herod Agrippa I; wife of Roman governor Felix. Acts 24:24

Porcius Festus; Acts 24:27

The right of appeal for Roman citizens, Acts 25:11

Bernice, Acts 25:13

The correct legal formula, Acts 25:18

The characteristic form of reference to the emperor at the time, Acts 25:26

The common bonding of Cilicia and Pamphylia the best shipping lanes at the time, Acts 27:4-5

Limyra and Myra were two distinct places in Lycia, Acts 27:5

Alexandria Acts 27:6, Acts 28:11

The principal port to find a ship sailing to Rome, Acts 27:6-7 pg 145

the right route to sail, in view of the winds, Acts 27:7

City of Lasae AKA Lasos, Acts 27:8

City of Phenice AKA Phoenix Town, Acts 27:12

A noted tendency of a south wind in these climes to back suddenly to a violent northeaster, the well-known gregale, Acts 27:13-14

Clauda by Ptolomy called it Claudus, Acts 27:16

Adria, Acts 27:27

The precise term for taking soundings, and the correct depth of the water near Malta let down into the sea, to try whether the places are rocky where a ship may stand, or sandy where the ship is in danger of being lost: it is also called "catapirates" Acts 27:28

The local people and snake superstitions of the day, Acts 28:4-6 250-255

Rhegium as a refuge to await a southerly wind to carry them through the strait, Acts 28:13

The Via Appia (the Appian way), Acts 28:13-16

Christians living westward of the city of Puteoli in Pompeii, Acts 28:13-14

Appii Forum and Tres Tabernae as correctly placed stopping places on the Appian Way, Acts 28:15 ?

The protection of personal, Roman bodyguards, Acts 28:16, Philippians 1:13

Papias' fragments contain some of the earliest, extra-biblical mentions of Judas, Paul, Barsabas, Mary the mother of the Lord and mother of James, Joseph, Mary of Cleophas, Mary Salome, Mary Magdalene, and the apostles: Andrew, Philip, Thomas, James, John, and Matthew. 60-120 C.E.

Earliest extra-biblical mentions of the apostles

Early extra-biblical mentions of Paul

Earliest testimony of Paul's companions; Timothy, Titus, Evodius, and Clement

Innate belief in God, Romans 1:18-20

The foolish; Romans 1:22

Prohibition of incest & homosexuality applied to women as an extension of Leviticus 18:13, 5Q11 CD IV:9-11, Romans 1:26 v.192

Faith Alone, Romans 4:9-17 (probably written by Polycarp read Charles E. Hill and John Bahr on the subject)

δικαίωσις (dikaíōsis), in ancient secular Greek, is closely associated with the pressing need to be released from deserved punishment. dikaíōsis as "justification, in our sense of the word" (C. Spicq, 1:345), Romans 4:25, 5:18

The atonement of Christ, Romans 5:11

The thanksgiving hymn section XI>> affirms original sin, Romans 5:12

A brief history of metacognitive therapy, and operant conditioning; Roman 12:2; 2 Corinthians 10:5; Philippians 4:8; Ephesians 4:22-24, 5:10

Time had a beginning, 1 Corinthians 2:7, 2 Timothy 1:9, Titus 1:2

The sin of the μαλακοὶ, 1 Corinthians 6:9

Sexual relations is marriage, 1 Corinthians 6:16

Frequency of unity to reduce temptation, 1 Corinthians 7:1–2

Marriage to avoid sexual immorality, 1 Corinthians 7:2 (look at the study on allele 334 in section Leviticus 20:10) (AVP & OXT promotes male monogamy);sequence=1#%5B%7B%22num%22%3A108%2C%22gen%22%3A0%7D%2C%7B%22name%22%3A%22XYZ%22%7D%2C69%2C692%2C0%5D

Temporary abstinence for piety, Testament of Naphtali 8:8, 1 Corinthians 7:5

Living as if you're single, 1 Corinthians 7:29

The meat market inscriptions, 1 Corinthians 10:25

Honour, Head-coverings and Headship: 1 Corinthians 11:2-16 in its Social Context!/file/JSNT.pdf

Chancing ones' appearance for the sake of the Angels, 1 Corinthians 11:10

From those who curse Christ and his holy ones, 1 Corinthians 12:3

Similar acts of communitarianism, 1 Corinthians 12:12-26

Angelic tongues, 1 Cornithians 13:1

Why only men are allowed to teach in churches; 1 Corinthians 14:34; 1 Timothy 2:12, 3:1-7l; Titus 1:5-9

The Kerygma, I Corinthians 15:3-8, Galatians 1:11-17

The Gospels as Eyewitness Testimony; 1 Corinthians 15:6

Bad company corrupt good character, 1 Corinthians 15:33

The diversity of astronomical, stellar magnitude, 1 Corinthians 15:41

The method of lashing, 2 Corinthians 11:24

King Aretas IV, king of the Arabian kingdom of Nabatea; 2 Corinthians 11:32

Galatians 1 and 2: Autobiography as Paradigm

Slave and Free: Ideal Ideologies in Vesuvian Villas and in Galatians 3:28

History, Domestication, Population rate, of yeast, Galatians 5:9

The endurance of the Christ's Church (post-Nicene), Ephesians 3:21

Men and women love differently; Ephesians 5:25, 33

Fathers used to have mentorial authority over their children; Ephesians 6:4

Hellenistic cultural understanding of “paideia”, Ephesians 6:4, 2 Timothy 3:16, Hebrews 12:5-11

Judgment from the mouth/spirit, Ephesians 6:17, 2 Thessalonians 2:8 and Revelation 19:11, 15

Psychology of selfishness, Philippians 2:4

Poetry', `Hymns' and `Traditional Material' in New Testament Epistles or How to Do Things with Indentations; This unity of parenesis and song-text(s) is exemplified by 1 Peter. 31 Pet. l:18ff.; l:24f.; 2:21ff.; 3:10ff., 18f, in addition to that perhaps several fragments and two or three passages in the letters of Ignatius, Phil. 2:6-11

Thankfulness affects on anxiety and happiness, Philippians 4:6-7

The proto-gnostic context of the book of Colossians (slide 5), Jude 1:4

The background of “the firstborn of every living thing/all creation “, Colossians 1:15

Mark 7:1-23 tradition and Paul’s exhortation in Colossians 2

The Scythians-Who Were They? Colossians 3:11

Courtesy, Colossians 3:12-24*.html#ref102

Dependent earnings, Pseudo-Phocylides 153-157, 1 Thessalonians 4:11

The earliest claims of apostolic traditions outside of the NT, 2 Thessalonians 2:15

Righteousness of simplicity, The Testament Of Issachar 3-6, 1 Thessalonians 4:11-12, 1 Timothy 2:2, 1 Peter 3:4

The armor of faithful, Testament of Levi 8:2, 1 Thessalonians 5:8, third century B.C.E.

Jesus as the sole mediator between God and man, 1 Timothy 2:5

Young women are more suitable for marriage, 1 Timothy 5:14

love of money corrupts people, 1 Timothy 6:10

Tradition of the Jannes and Jambres Archetype, 2 Timothy 3:8

Callimachus' hymns to Zeus, Titus 1:12

4Q471b or The self-glorification hymn and 1QSb, the holy elevation of the messiah and heavenly priest, The book of Hebrews

The Messiah's new and eternal priesthood, Hebrews 7:4-10[Complete%20English%20Translation].pdf#page=627

The universe is made of particles which aren't visual to the naked eye; Hebrews 11:3

The Roman/Greek racing games, Hebrews 12:1

Grace and works in the first century, James 2:14-21

Greek Testament of Levi 7:2, the context of James 4:5

Noah as a righteous preacher, 2 Peter 2:4-5

The second proverb of 2 Peter 2:22, the story of Ahikar/Ahiqar 7:27 (fourth paragraph)

Johannine Logos Hymn

Cain was of the evil one, 1 John 3:12?

Assumption of Moses 1.1–3, 7-8, 7:1, 10:12, Jude 9, 14-15, 10 AD

The association of fornication and Sodom & Gomorrah, The Testament of Levi 14:6 Jude 1:7, third century B.C.E.

Jesus Christ calls himself the את (ΑΩ), which are the last letters of the alphabet, as a reference to Genesis 1:1; Revelation 1:8, 21:6, 22:13

Romans known to banish prisoners to islands, Revelation 1:9

The Lord's day/Eighth day (Sunday) as the new Sabbath, Revelation 1:10 (cf. Leviticus 12:3)

The Laodicean church, first century, Revelation 1:11

Highly religious people are less motivated by compassion than are non-believers, Revelation 2:2-4

The Balaamic seduction of idolatry and fornication, Revelation 2:14 06 Abraham%2C Joseph%2C Moses/page/n445/

The water in Laodicea (Pamukkale), Revelation 3:14

Thrones in the Book of Revelation, Revelation 4:2-3

The 24 elders are the 24 books of the old testament/Tanakh (the canon at times is referred as 22 books, because Ezra & Nehemiah, and Ruth & Judges, are combined together), Revelation 4:4, 10

The number 7 and seven-word formulas, judgment of silence, angels of knowledge, Revelation 5:12, 9:13–14

33 Parallels of Revelation and Josephus' “War of the Jews”, Revelation 6:4, 15-16; 8:7-9; 9:13-16; 11:7-13; 16:3-6, 19, 21; 17:12-17

The comet, wormwood, Revelation 8:10

The cries of “woe”, Revelation 8:13

The earliest manuscript of the book of revelation 13 state the number of the beast is 616, not 666

The Roman Imperial Cult and Revelation, Revelation 13:4, 15-16; 14:9-11, 15:2, 16:2, 19:20, 20:4

The battle of Gog and Magog, Targum Jonathan to Zechariah 12:10, Revelation 20:8

New kingly priesthood who will execute judgment, Revelation 20:11-15

Judgment from the mouths of the elements so to repay the dead's debts, Revelation 20:12-15

Revelation 21:16's cube is a shadow of Holies of Holies

Kingly priesthood who will become as the new light like the sun, Revelation 21:23

Theological objections and responses.

If you wish to venture more about Christianity, click this link for a book list to prepare your way from a non-believer into God's advocate.

Honourable, dubious, and underdeterminative mentions

The Shapira manuscript

Biblical Antiquities by Pseudo-Philo

Targum Psuedo-Jonathan

7Q5-7q10 and 7q15 Earliest NT manuscripts date

Codex Bobiensis (the dating is disputed)

The book of Gad

The Prayer of Manasseh is a rip off of 2 Chronicles 33:6-12 and Psalms 51:1-14

Matthew as author as the first gospel

The Book of the Hellenists and the Origin of the Gospel of Mark:The Development of the Gospels of Mark and John Turned on Its Head

The gospel of Thomas is dependent on the Diatessaron, which means the book was written, at the earliest, in 170 C.E.-almost a century since the latest apostolic gospel, yet which of the two kinds of literature gets published the most?

If indeed the Barcelona fragments (p67) are dated in the mid first century is true then the mission to Spain by Paul and James the lesser might also be true. The Council of Elvira may or may not be in support is the venture.

Daniel 1, 8-10 seems to deal specifically relating to Israel, where Daniel 2-9 describes events outside it. Could this be the explain the scribal differences of languages between the two sections?

How Matthew 27:9 and Mark 1:2 quoted Tanakh may be reflective of an early period where Christians haven't yet adapted/used the codex, rather scrolls, for the scriptures, (and the only means of reading/listening of these quotes is in synagogues nearby). If this is true, perhaps these two books were written before Pauline & universal epistles (along with the LXX outside the Pentateuch) were distributed to collected then compiled by various churches.

Second temple literature predicted a divine messiah/savior. Similarly how the gospel according to John describes Jesus Christ.
The gospel of John doesn't mention the destruction of the temple (70 Christian Era) nor any prophecy regarding it.
John 3:24 implies that the audience was aware of John the Baptist's imprisonment, which they have been taught via other gospels and John 21:25 further reinforce the hypothesis. This suits perfectly with the theory that Luke was written in 37-41 C.E. while the other two were written before (Luke 1:1-3).
In John 5:2 the author describes the pool of Bethesda in the present tense, but it was destroyed in 70 C.E. by the Romans, suggesting the book was written prior the destruction.
John 21:18-23 implies the martyrdom/death of Peter (~64 C.E.), but also when John escaped from death by the Romans, yet Christ hasn't returned yet (look into the arguments for the book of Revelation being written before 70 C.E.).
If we were to set our secular denialism aside, because of the reasons above, we could see that the book may have been written within 64-70 C.E.

Acts 18:19 , Acts 19:1 might imply Paul shortly founded churches in Ephesus which was the audience of the epistle to Ephesians 3:1, 4:1, 6:20

Ptah creating everything by his heart and tongue (will) like in Genesis 1-2, 700 BCE

Diversity in physiological changes via RNA reverse transcriptase, horizontal gene transfer, and Epigenetic pressure with genetic continuity (this may seriously question comparative anatomy in relation to Homology), Genesis 1, 2, 3:18

There were plants before there were animals, Genesis 1:10-13, 20

Life suddenly created in the water, Genesis 1:20

potential link between aquatic and aerial creatures, Genesis 1:20

Humans conquered/dominate animals, Genesis 1:26, 28-29, before Adam (neolithic farmers), Genesis 2:5,15

The Wadi Batin riverbed is suggested to be one of the ancient rivers flowing into Cush

The Kebra Nagast, a 1300's epic of the Ethiopian, royal linage starting with Adam

The garden of Eden was a temple

If humans lived in the great oxidation event, not only we might live longer, but we would've more potential to grow taller. However, the terrain, particularly dense jungles, would make it difficult for fossilization to occur, Genesis 4, 5, 10, 11, and Genesis 6:2-3

Nephila constellation is a reference to the Nephilim's-belt-and-sword-of-stars-with-nebula-and-three-belt-stars.html

The spike in violence and the practice of polygyny, Genesis 6:11

Ziusudra = Noah?

The flood, and later events? ??

The deluge

The ark was a ritualistic box of purification

The ark might be settling in the Mount Judi within the Urartu mountains:
The Samaritan Pentateuch
The Book of Jubilees 5:28, 7:1
Josephus's Antiquities 1994:6:131
Eusebius 1818:1:36-37
The Peshitta
Epiphanius Panarion 1.i.4

Shem's genetic lineage

Japheth's influence

Ham's influence?

Ham/Cham might mean black in Hebrew. The Sumerians refer to themselves as “Sag-gig-ga or sagiga” which means the “black-headed people”

The inclination of humanity's heart, Genesis 8:21, Ecclesiastes 7:20, Romans 3:23

Shinar is referring Sumeria

The Mesopotamian influence onto Egyptian origins, Genesis 10:6-13

Casluhim=Mycenae? Genesis 10:13-14

Eber is Ebla

Col. 2 (11) Uz, Hul, Togar, and Mesha, who are beyond the Euphrates

The first (but unfinished) Ziggurat of Eridu (layer XV to XVI) is probably what Genesis was referring as the tower of Babel(Nun.Ki). The Sumerians (under Enmerkar (few speculate he's Nimrod)) during this time migrated into various places such as the locations across the Euphrates, Levant, Egypt, and possibly into India (to set up trade).

One of the earliest cities in the world. Perhaps this is a step for proof for Babylon expansion.

80 Old Testament Characters of World History

The land of Goiim (Gutium/qù-ti-im); Genesis 14:9

There seem to be a parallel between the life of Yahdun-lim (one of Karkemish) and the battle of Siddim

Ellasar (Larsa)

Abraham, father of many nations, Genesis 17:5

The Ebla texts stands as an important linguistic tool and for cultural background in biblical research**, with that said, their use for references of Jordanian towns is largely unsubstantial. The Ebla tablets mainly discuss within the areas of Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, and Iraq on the topic of geography.
Ebla and Its Archives by Alfonso Archi

These tablets list the name Ab-ra(itself, +hu, +an, +nu or nab-ra-mu?). The stem of the name is consistent with “Ab-ra-mu” during the time period which Abram lived, so it's very possible it was used as a name. One could suggest “Abraham” is a transliteration with one Eblaic name “Abri-aḫu”, which was a more common name than Ab-ra(with or without endings).

Many tablets mentions the word “A-da-m(+a, i, ma, mi, u, etc)”. Several people corralled the name “Adam(+endings)” for the name “Adam”.

There are those who equate the name “Ebrium” (Eberu or Ibrium) with “Eber”, the father of the Hapiru (Hebrews)

There are texts that mention the name “Wana”. Few suggest it has similarity to “Jonah”
Archi 1981a

David da-u-du or da-u-ud

ša-u₃-um Saul?

Small group of individuals claim that Yitro (Jethro) is the Hebrew equivalent of Eblaic “wa-ti-ru”
ARET 15 0004

Canaan (Ga-na-na)

A-da-ma-lik likely a phonetic variant of Abimelek (Abimelech)

These sources mention the name Tir(i) or Tira-il which is similar to Terah, Abram's father. Genesis 11:24
TM.76.G.882, ARET 13.5,

Iš-ma-il Ishmael

Garamu (Ga-ra-mu, ) sounds like Gomorrah, however, Garamu is in the north-east towards the valley of the Euphrates, so that couldn't be the Gomorrah mentioned in Genesis.
There is one place that may sounds similar to “Gomorrah” a city called Gàr-mu/Gàr-mi-um (ARES 2: 231–232, 242 and 239–242, MEE 07 0048 ) which is outside the Eblaitic empire, but where it's located exactly is unknown.

-si-da-mu or si-da-mu sodom

Few people conflate the city of Ursaʾum (Urshu) with Jerusalem, but Ursaʾum is likely located in the modern day Gaziantep, Turkey. This is assumed partly because Ursaum is closely associated with the northern cities away from Ebla. It also couldn't be the Ur in Genesis because the Chaldeans didn't occupied Ursaʾum during the 3rd millennium B.C.E.

The Oak of Mamre, the tree Abraham rested while in Canaan

King Tidal might be Tudhaliya (A.K.A.Tudhaliya I) if the Groundhog chronology is correct on the Hittite old kingdom's dating, Genesis 14:1, 9

Temple zero: Melchizedek standing stone, Genesis 14

where is Sodom?

The tome of the Patriarchs (A.K.A. Abraham, Jacob, Sarah, Isaac, Rebeka, Leah) now a Muslim mosque in Hebron.

Jacob Seal

Joseph is Imhotep, age: genesis and the instructions of Ptahhotep. Both were second in command. Wear almost the same clothing. Architect, the step pyramid, Statue base Inscription, the famine stale, for 7 years depicting a dream. Known for their medical expertise. Store grains. Didn't originate at the place of Egypt of work. But Extremely Speculative! Gen. 41:37-45, 41:37-45, Gen. 50:2, Gen. 41:34, 47:26, Gen. 50:22, 24, 26.

Similar story of Joseph and his accuser

“a famine that affected Egypt for seven years”

The Bahr Yussef (the Sea of Joseph) A.K.A. The Joseph Canal Beginning with the 12th dynasty, the waterway was enlarged and the Fayyum was developed to enlarge Lake Moeris. The canal was built into the natural incline of the valley, creating a channel 15 km long and 5 m deep that sloped into the Fayyum depression

Hyksos entering/invading into Egypt middle kingdom, (maybe caused by a famine?)

Ankhu/Pa-Ankh was the overseer of the city and great houses (of egypt), Papyrus Boulaq 18, Genesis 41

The author suggest that the 12th grave site belongs to the vizier Ankhu, and his full name is Zatenaph Pa-Ankh (page 59), Genesis 41:45

The exodus

A north Israelite Typological Myth and a Judaean Historical tradition: the exodus in Hosea and Amos vetus testamentum

One of the best proponents and his arguments for the Ramsesside exodus.

Sinai 361, slavery and Moses ; Exodus 1-13; 15th century B.C.E.

Kahum contains a lot of dead (supposedly) Israelite infants, Exodus 1:16's_excavation_at_the_Middle_Kingdom_settlement_of_Kahun

The Tamna inscription

Egyptian Scars from boils from the exodus plague. Exodus 9:10-11.
Exodus 9:10, 11.

The argument and rebuttal of the disappearance of the inhabitance in Avaris

Mt. Sinai was a volcano

Egyptian chariot wheels, Exodus 14:25

The land of milk, honey, and manna, Exodus 16, 33:3

The rock of Horeb, exodus 17:8-11

Human body is a topolgical menorah, Exodus 25:32

Proof of early/mid dating of the Exodus, Judges 11:26, 1 Kings 6:1

The Kenite Origin of the Sotah Prescription (Numbers 5:11-31)

The Semitic deity Mlkm (Malkum) is perhaps the idol Moloch. Deut. 12:31 18:10, Lev 18:21, Jer. 7:31, 19:5

Perhaps reproductive copulation was a preventive protocol for infidelity, Deuteronomy 20:7

The parallels of Djehuty and Joshua, son of Nun. Joshua and his army being mercenaries might explain why the conquest of Canaan didn't end once the events of Judges and 1&2 Samuel occurred.

Waters of Neftoah are the wells of mer-ne-ptah (Merneptah)?, Papyrus Anastasi III journal, Joshua 15:8-9, Joshua 18:15

Joshua's Altar in Mt. Ebal, Deuteronomy 27:4-8, Joshua 8:30-33, 13th-11th century B.C.E.

The Mount Ebal amulet, which may contain the Hebrew letter aleph with a lotus, but it's yet to be determined, Deuteronomy 27

Abdi-Heba ({disz}ARAD2-he-ba) was Adoni-Zedek or Adoni-Bezek

Joshua 10 and Makkedah: Identification of a Biblical Site

Moses 'stopped the sun' with an eclipse, Joshua 10:12-13

Jabin, king of Hazor, Joshua 11:1, Judges 4:2

City of Ai.

Who is Amalek? by Seth Fleishman

3200-year-old picture of Israelites found in Egypt
Atlas zur altägyptischen kulturgeschichte by W. Weeszinski

Who is Labaya?
The Davidic line

King Toi of Ḥamath; 2 Sam 8:9-10; king Tou in 1 Chron 18-9-10

The Value of Pi, 1 Kings 7:23

The 'Solomonic', Six-chambered Gate 2156 at Megiddo Once Again, 1 Kings 9:15

The Ain Dara temple is claimed to be the most similar to Solomon's temple in design

Solomon's mines

Some people say this is an imagine of Solomon, others claims it's about the tribe of Dan.

Hazeva fortress. It could be constructed by king Solomon or the Edomites, 1 Kgs 9:17-18

The introduction of the Ethio-Semitic language and Admixture groups might suggest there was Mediterranean interactions with Ethiopia, which supports the existence of the interaction between King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. 1 Kings 10; 2 Chronicles 9

Shishak Smiting His Enemies 2, Shishak. Shishak karnak list, gold bracelet of the tomb of Shishak’s grandson, commemorative stela, 1 Kings 11:40, Chronicles 12:2-4, 2 Chronicles 12:9

Nimshi, page 178, 1 Kings 19,16, 2 Kings 9,20, and l Chronicles 22,7

Marduka = Mordecai

Arad Ostracon 40

Arad Ostracon 88

Prophet Elisha

Queen Jezebel seal

The Jehoash Inscription

King Ashyahu/Jehoash or Josiah and a reference of the first temple, 9-8th century B.C.E.?

The Seal of Manasseh

Assyrian Kings List of Adad-nardi III, 2 Kings 15:19, 16:7-8, 17:24-26, 18:9, 18:16-17, 18:23, 18:28, 18:30, 19:20, 20:6, 23:29; 2 Chronicles 28:21, 30:6, 32:9, etc.

Neriglissar might be Nergalsharezer Jeremiah 39:13

Negevite Pottery

The identity of Zerah the Kushite


If Achashverosh Is Xerxes, Is Esther His Wife Amestris?

The similar events with Smerdis the Magus and Esther 4

The valley of Baka might be in reference to the Beqaa/Bekaa valley, Psalm 84:6

Psalm 113:3

Money increases one's social circle, Proverbs 19:4

Life comes from dust, Ecclesiastes 3:19-20

The background for the book of Job. 1900-1700 B.C.E.

The home of light-the photon background, Job 38:19-20

Job saw a dinosaur, Job 40:15-19

Intermittent fasting from dawn to sunset prevent people from cancer and improves metabolism Isaiah 58:9–10

Daniel is Ea-Dayyan

This, however, is impossible since already in the (Ethiopie) Similitudes of Enoch the ‘Son of Man’ figure (who moreover bears other names such as ‘The Chosen’ and he Righteous One’) is twice described as God’s ‘Anointed’ (48:10; 52:4). In 4 Ezra 13:1, 12, as well, the ipse homo rising from the sea and flying with the clouds is identical with the Messiah. In particular, some rabbinic texts since the early Tannaim understand Dan. 7:13 to refer to the Messiah. Also, in the third and fifth of the Sybilline Oracles the saviour coming from Heaven is none other than the Messiah.

Rabbi Akiba can limit the messianic age to forty years, and see in it a time of war and tribulation; this might explain his confession of Bar Cochba as Messiah Strack-Billerbeck, IV,817; 825

Rise of pagan hedonism. Daniel 12:4, Isaiah 1:14, Romans 1:18-28, 2 Timothy 3:1-17, Matthew 16:3, 2 Peter 2:14(Matthew 5:28)

Ron Wyatt Sodom and Gomorrah, Jude 1


Egyptian priests preformed rituals involving purifying the mouth, much like Isaiah had his mouth purified before the heavenly places.

Amel-Marduk or Illoaroudamos , Uruk King List,Canon of Ptolemy, Berossus'sCanonOfTheKings.pdf page 139

Ezekiel's Wheel and plates

Perhaps a mention of Shobi/Shobai, Ezra 2:42, Nehemiah 7:45, 7th B.C.E.

The bones attributed to Nabi Yunus probably belonged to a Christian patriarch named Henanisho I of the Church of the East. He was buried in the monastery in 701.

Jonah vs King of Nineveh: Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence

New testament quoted apocryphal books

Is “Jesus” (the angleosaxen version of Yeshua/Joshua) found in 4Q175?

The Son of God Text

The earliest depiction of Mary and baby Jesus drawn by the Carpocrates*** During 150s to 3rd century.
***A Gnostic group that lead Roman and Alexandrian Christians astray. Read section 6 at least.

Joseph and his family fled to Leontopolis, Egypt

A Sign of the end times Matthew 24:29

Christ the Magician cup
There is a vowel between the r (rho) and s (sigma). This vowel is an e not an i, which means the word in question is almost certainly not christos, but chrestos, which means “kind” or “good.”
The most likely translation of the cup, therefore, is “through the kindness of a magician.”

letter of quadratus, The miracles of Jesus Christ,

Acts of Pontius Pilate (not be mistaken for the gospel of Nicodemus) in Tiberius's archives. Unfortunately, they no longer exist.

P.mich inv. 6213 apocryphal manuscript credited by Jesus Christ to Abgar V, 4th century

Early in 2015, archaeologists announced the excavations of a former Turkish prison near Jerusalem's Jaffa gate. The site is believed to have been the location of Herod's palace 2,000 years ago, and possibly the site of the trial of Jesus before Pilate.

The meaning of the eclipse for three nights and days by Philo of Alexandria, On the life of Moses 1:10,,_Vol._3._1855&lang=bi&with=About&lang2=en

Jesus burial site

First Roman pagan portrayal of Jesus Christ

Toledoth Yeshu 1000-1400 C.E. Simeon Kepha=St.peter

Intent of adultery, Matthew 5:28,_trans._A._Cohen,_London:_Soncino_Press,_1965&vhe=Talmud_Bavli,_Vilna_1883_ed.&lang=bi&with=all&lang2=en

The Shemoneh Esreh, Matthew 6:7

A bone box of James; Matthew 13:55, Mark 6:3; 1st century C.E.

A man riding on a donkey; Matthew 21:1-7 Zechariah 9:9

The Garden Tomb, Matthew 27:57–60, John 19:41

Markan sandwiches

A archaeological site about Jesus's miracle of the swine. Mark 5:1-20, 6th century

Absalom's Tomb Inscription Luke 2:25

The Agape meal for remembrance, verse 16

The blessing/traditions of the Passover Seder before the last cup of wine

Could Jesus be literally light?

The Praetorium John 18:28, 33, 19:9

Early cruxificion.

The nails of cross

Shoud of Turin. John 20:7, Luke 23:53, Mark 15:46, Matthew 27:59.

“Almost Real” People (Not Certain, but Reasonable): The Archaeological Evidence
The one New Testament candidate in this category is Lysanias, Tetrarch of Abilene. His identity is not clear enough in a relevant inscription to be certain he is the one referred to in Luke 3:1, but it is reasonable enough for some scholars to consider a New Testament identification probable. According to a dedicatory inscription carved in stone at Abila, capital city of the ancient tetrarchy of Abilene, a certain “Lysanias the tetrarch, a freedman” ruled there (Raphaël Savignac, “Texte complet de l’inscription d’Abila relative à Lysanias,” Revue biblique, new series 9 [1912], pp. 533–540.). In line 1, the “august lords” are most likely the Emperor Tiberius and Tiberius’s mother, Livia, who was granted the title Augusta in 14 C.E. and died in 29 C.E. Luke 3:1 dates the beginning of the ministry of John the Baptist using dates established with reference to several rulers, including Lysanias. By referring to these rulers and to other events, many scholars place the start of John’s ministry at c. 28 C.E., which falls within the potential time span of the tetrarchy of the Lysanias in this inscription. On the other hand, the dates used are somewhat imprecise, and the date of the inscription is based on likelihood, rather than complete clarity. If the “august lords” were Nero and his mother Agrippina, then this Lysanias’s rule might have lasted as late as the reign of Nero (54–68 C.E.). (Hemer, Acts, pp. 159–160, note 1.)
In Josephus, Antiquities 19.5.1 and Wars 2.11.5, the references to “Abila of Lysanias” and “the kingdom of Lysanias,” respectively, are too vague in their time reference to be a clear confirmation of Luke 3:1. Note: Lysanias, Tetrarch of Abilene, must not be confused with the earlier Lysanias, a Tetrarch in the same area, who is also mentioned in Josephus, Antiquities.

Tomb of apostle phillip.

Jacob of Kefar-Sekaniah may have been one of Jesus Christ's disciples.

Jonathan (John), son of Annas of the high priesthood; Acts 4:6

Eleazar (Alexander), son of Annas of the high priesthood; Acts 4:6

The first extra-biblical remark of “chre/istian”, Acts 11:26 (read the link on Acts 28:13-14 and Suetonius: Acts 18:2 afterwards)

Commanded all the Jews to depart from Rome Acts 18:1-2

The Mamertine Prison Acts 28:30

The Erastus of Corinth who is described in most detail in Romans 16:23 cannot be clearly identified in an inscription in stone discovered at Corinth (Acts 19:22 and 2 Timothy 4:20 might or might not refer to the same Erastus), in view of the difficulties and uncertainties raised by Steven J. Friesen, “The Wrong Erastus: Ideology, Archaeology, and Exegesis,” in Steven J. Friesen, Daniel N. Schowalter and James Christopher Walters, eds., Corinth in Context: Comparative Studies on Religion and Society (Leiden: Brill, 2010), pp. 231–256. Difficulties in attempting such an identification were pointed out much earlier by Henry J. Cadbury, “Erastus of Corinth,” Journal of Biblical Literature 50 (1931), pp. 42–56.
Nor can the Erastus of Romans 16:23 be clearly identified in a second inscription discovered in 1960 that might conceivably refer to him, according to Andrew D. Clarke, “Another Corinthian Erastus Inscription,” Tyndale Bulletin 42.1 (1991), pp. 146–151.

Maybe a thanksgiving meal hosted by Christians or a traditional festive holiday by God-fears. Might contain the Paul's companions Sosibius (Sosipater?), Gaius, Titus, Lucius, Rufus, Onesimus, Dionysius, Ebulus (Euboulides?)

Seneca may have been a Christian, Letter 41:2, Romans 8:16-17

Erastus inscription Romans 16:23

“Junian” male or female?

Air quality affects morality, Ephesians 2:2

The occultish antichist. 1 Timothy 4:1, 1John 2:22

Apollonius of Tyana=Legends about Paul of tarsus Or Apollos from 1 corinthians?

Work as a prerequisite for eating; 2 Thessalonians 3:10

Solar wind during the end of days; 2 Peter 3:7

The book of revelation was written before 70 C.E.

Supposedly there was a mid-century ossuary that has the graffito “Ιησου ιου” and “Ιησου Αλωθ”, meaning “Jesus woe” and “Jesus Αλωθ (to wail or taken up?)”

The divine council might be alluding to the 24 elders in Revelation 4:4, 10

The sky rolling away like a scroll Revelation 6:14

Wormwood was an ancient comet, Revelation 8:10-11, Deuteronomy 32:32

Two witnesses killed by the beast Revelation 11

The mark of the beast is a implanted chip, Revelation 13:16

Nero Caesar, Revelation 13:18, 17:9?

or Titus?

In case you want it.
The Amarna letters and their English translations

Comparing: Pseudepigrapha - Patristic

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