What is synthetic leather? Overview of All Newest Leatherette Imitation !!


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10 July 2021

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Today, we have a lot of materials to choose a fashion item. From good leather goods to your newly purchased home, office, car.

The majority of people will think that if buying fashion, buying Genuine leather like cowhide, sheepskin, crocodile skin must be the most preferred choice. However, the high price makes it difficult to reach the majority of consumers. So the race for quality, affordable products that fit the vast majority of consumers has never stopped.

What is synthetic leather? Overview of all latest leatherette defects !!

So today, I would like to share with you 1 kind of material with cheap price, diverse colors, rich material is "Synthetic leather"



I. What is synthetic leather?

II. History of synthetic leather?

Vinyl leather

Polyurethane leather

III. How to distinguish synthetic leather

III.1 Heat retention

III.2 Skin surface

III.3 Inner lining

III.4 Reaction with water

III.5 Sniff leather material

III.6 Weight and odor

IV. Pros and cons of synthetic leather

IV.I Advantages

IV.II Disadvantages

V. Products made from synthetic leather

BECAUSE. The basic way of cleaning

VII. Is the application of synthetic leather durable?

VII.I Manufacturing of leather notebooks

VII.II Automobile and interior industry:

VII.III Fashion industry:

VIII. Is PU leather broken?

IX. What is synthetic leather waterproof?

Synthetic leather is also a faux leather material with many other variations such as: PU PVC Faux Leather is gradually becoming popular because of a number of factors and mainly the development of technology. In fact, they have brought almost the same utility as genuine leather while the price is much cheaper.

The synthetic leather process is formed after a series of complex processing steps. This is a combination of artificial chemical raw materials through chemical reactions from molecules, plastics, PVC, Polyurethane and other materials made from PVC which are PVC leather fabrics of main components, polyurethane is Main components of PU leather fabric.

The goal is to create the most realistic leather products. Therefore, synthetic leather is also known as a high quality imitation leather.

However, synthetic leather, PU and PVC leather are hard to distinguish from the original leather in terms of attractiveness and overall appearance, but it still exists a lot of differences for consumers.


Perhaps you will be surprised to learn that the first leatherette material appeared from the 15th century.

In 1400, the parasol fabric used in the manufacture of lint for wax was considered the first faux leather product. Over time, taking ideas from this fabric and combining it with a number of other materials, this fabric has been improved to be stronger and more versatile.

What is synthetic leather? Overview of all latest leatherette defects !!

To this day, the popular leatherette material made from polymers is PVC and PU leather. PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) leather appears before the PU leather is created by separating the hydrogen molecule in the vinyl group and replacing with the chlorid group. https://thuybich.com/da-tong-hop-la-gi/ is then combined with several other chemicals to create a very durable material.

Although manufacturers like PVC leather very much, it doesn't really impress tailors as well as stylists. That's because it's not really true and even sticks together in warm weather. Another minus is that it is waterproof.

In addition, in terms of environment and health, PVC material also emits dioxin, which is dangerous when burnt and uses extremely toxic plastic. PVC leather is no longer used as much as the 1960s and 1970s. What is synthetic leather? Overview of all latest leatherette defects !!

However, with the commonly used PU leather today is more resistant to dirt and very easy to clean. Moreover, it also flies more slowly even under direct light. In particular, PU also releases less toxic substances into the environment than PVC.

Synthetic leather vinyl has been manufactured in the United States since the 1940s, initially for products such as shoes, automotive interiors and upholstery. In the late 1950s, DuPont and other chemical companies began developing polyurethane products.

Both polyurethane and vinyl synthetic leather are used to make clothing, upholstery and product covers, but each is better for certain applications than others. PU fabric is softer, more flexible and more breathable, so it is more commonly used to create highly abrasive products, such as clothing and upholstery (surfaces in direct contact with the skin) . Vinyl is not as breathable as PU, but this is often ideal for products that need to prevent moisture such as book covers or covers for electronics.

Vinyl leather

Vinyl leather is made of two separate composites. The fibers of the leather are constructed from strong polyester. The fibers are then covered with vinyl, made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and plasticizers (phthalic acid). This vinyl is melted on the surface of the fibers, closes them and creates an almost impermeable surface that remains flexible and supple.

Vinyl skins are easy to clean and maintain. This makes it ideal for situations where cleanliness is a top priority, such as in hospitals and restaurants. Vinyl also does not require any special care. However, vinyl can become uncomfortably hot if left in the sun. The skin will stick, creating an uncomfortable seating situation. Vinyl can also crack when used for extended periods.

Polyurethane leather

PU is created by coating a backing such as cotton, polyester or rags with a flexible polymer and then treating it to look like animal skin. Polyurethane leather is the most genuine leatherette, you can use your hands to feel the surface and observe with the overall appearance. They are also easier to decorate designs on them. Polyurethane is considered to be better than Vinyl because it does not produce dioxins. PU is made from softer polymers and therefore does not require additional plastic.


After you understand what synthetic leather is, you need to know how to distinguish synthetic leather from other skin types. For those who are interested in leather materials, it is easy to recognize the difference between genuine leather products and products made from synthetic leather. To identify genuine or synthetic leather, you need to pay attention to the following points:

What is synthetic leather? Overview of all latest leatherette defects !!


Genuine leather: Genuine leather is capable of absorbing heat and retaining heat for a long time so when wearing a real leather coat, you always feel warm like in the room because the temperature inside the unit decreases very little. The skin made from genuine leather is very popular in the winter, especially in countries with low temperatures.

Synthetic leather: Synthetic leather is also capable of absorbing heat but its ability to retain heat is inferior to genuine leather so after a certain period of time, synthetic leather jackets are no longer able to keep the body warm when It's been so cold outside for so long.


Genuine leather: Genuine leather is a natural leather, derived from animals whose skin surface will vary according to its origin. For example, if the leather is made from cow, the surface is quite smooth, pores Big and even, the distance between the skin patterns is not equal.

Synthetic leather: Synthetic leather is manufactured according to a pre-programmed process so the lines as well as the patterns, patterns on synthetic leather are very uniform in design, distance.


Genuine leather: If you flip the back of genuine leather you will see a smooth layer on the back, this layer is used to make suede in some products.

Synthetic leather: Unlike genuine leather, synthetic leather is lined inside with cloth or any other synthetic material.


If real skin comes into contact with water, it will be absorbed very quickly and become dull, synthetic leather is completely inert with water.


Another easy way to distinguish between the two types of skin is to smell leather. Compared to genuine leather, imitation leather has a characteristic smell of chemical materials and it is difficult to eliminate this smell. And of course, people cannot copy the smell of real leather into fake leather so you can always recognize it easily.


With synthetic leather made from chemical materials, through a series of processing processes to form a product, it is much heavier and has a specific chemical smell. The object should be fairly light in weight and have a characteristic odor of each animal or be odorless because it has been treated.



1. Appearance

Advances in the development of artificial or synthetic leather have reached a stage where it is hard to tell the difference between the two products after they are manufactured. There are many types of products available covered with original water paint that replicate the feel of genuine leather. Moreover, post-treatment like washing makes the material as flexible and supple as you expect, which makes it feel like real leather. Marvel is one of the few companies that offers PVC leather fabrics with fragrance soaked into the skin that you can hardly tell the difference!

2. Utilities

Advanced scratch resistance and high-performance coatings not only make synthetic imitation eco-friendly, they also allow them to be extra durable. In the interior, manufacturers have PVC leather fabric in accordance with the rub test of real leather. Depending on the application, faux leather can be customized to fit the shape and design better than genuine leather. This is done by the various combinations available of PVC coating support fabrics.

3. Maintenance

Genuine leather is often more difficult to maintain, requiring careful care. If you are worried about stains, scratches, spills and temperature resistance then PU and PVC leather are Eco Leather, stain resistant, water resistant, fire resistant and also temperature stable. It simply wipes and cleans!

4. Impact on the environment

There are manufacturers that ensure that no heavy metals are used and that they comply with the European REACH standards for the raw materials used. They recycle all air, solid and liquid wastes completely before disposing. Moreover, artificial leather fights animal cruelty because no animal is harmed in the process of making your product look premium!

5. Costs

Synthetic leather is a much cheaper alternative to genuine leather. Its replacement cost is low and very customizable. A variety of designs and colors are available and therefore you are not limited to choose.


_ Need to keep PU leather away from heat sources.

_ Durability worse than real leather.

_ Can peel off surface if storage is not good.


Due to the nature of synthetic leather, it is rarely used in fashion products, but they are only used for decoration, sofa or interior decoration. Therefore, when you understand the concept of synthetic leather material, how to distinguish synthetic leather and the reason why synthetic leather is used so much, you should also consider to make a choice about leather products. synthesized or not.

Above is some information about what synthetic leather is, the characteristics to distinguish synthetic leather as well as why synthetic leather is used so much in today's life.


One of the biggest mistakes that many people make is to bring a PU leather jacket to a dry cleaners. Because PU leather jackets made from plastic and plastics are especially easy to melt under high temperatures, dry cleaning will cause damage to your shirt.

What is synthetic leather? Overview of all latest leatherette defects !!

How easy it is to clean the PU leather jacket you have depends on how dirty it is.

Use a soft, absorbent cloth

This is a way to clean through with dusty or easily soiled coats.

Preparation: 1 piece of synthetic fiber cloth, water

Steps to follow:

Step 1: Dip the cloth in water and spin dry.

Step 2: Gently clean the jacket.

Step 3: Hang up to hang or hang to dry.


For dirt that cannot be easily cleaned by wiping with water as above, you need to apply hand washing for the jacket.

Preparation: Warm water; Washing liquid; Small pots and 01 clean cloth.


Step 1: Mix a mixture of warm water and washing water in a small basin.

Step 2: Use a cloth dipped in the mixture and wipe the jacket.

Step 3: Hang up to hang or hang to dry.

Machine wash

Before putting the PU leather jacket into the washing machine, you need to carefully check the label.

If the label says you can only wash your hands (handwash only), be very careful.

If not, you can choose light spin spin level for washing PU leather jackets.

VII. Is the synthetic leather application good?

Today, people use Pu leather a lot for manufacturing industries

What is synthetic leather? Overview of all latest leatherette defects !!


PU leather notebooks, notebooks with PU leather cover, ... are very beautiful with many different designs and especially easy to make leather.


People often use it to wrap the saddle very soft and beautiful. In addition, it is covered with sopha chairs, seat cushions, ...


Perhaps people are quite familiar with products made from PU leather such as leather purses, handbags, belts or leather jackets, leather shoes are also made from PU leather. But due to the low ventilation capacity of PU leather, people are not recommended to use leather jackets and shoes. Overview of all latest leatherette defects !!

Is PU leather durable?

PU leather is not as durable as genuine leather and its lifespan is therefore shorter.


A point that many people do not like about PU leather is that it is easy to "explode". Over a long period of use, if genuine leather will form a natural patina layer that makes the skin a unique color and the longer you use it, the more PU leather can peel and age.

What is synthetic leather? Overview of all latest leatherette defects !!


“Exploded” skin is a phenomenon in which the skin's surface layers are peeled and broken. The cause of "explosion" of PU leather is because of PU skin in direct sunlight. The plastic molecule that makes PU leather is easy to break under the effect of heat, so new "explosion" marks appear on the leather. However, even if you do not expose your PU leather to the sun, the natural fibers in the PU leather composition will “explode” the leather when they are subjected to heat.

frequently asked Questions

People also ask

What is artificial leather?

Artificial leather, also known as synthetic leather, is a material intended to replace leather in upholstery, clothing, footwear and other uses when it comes to finishing like leather but the actual material is prohibited or not suitable.

What is artificial leather made of?

Imitation leather begins with a fabric base like polyester. The fabric is then given a faux leather finish and textured with wax, dye, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or polyurethane. Imitation leather is clearly designed to look like genuine leather, but the surface of synthetic leather is uniform.

Is artificial skin good?

Durability - Imitation leather is very durable and will last a long time. It can withstand scratches and scratches will damage real skin. It is not as easily cracked or flaky as the skin. ... Also, because imitation leather is a synthetic material, it can be dyed a rainbow of colors

Can Synthetic Leather Be Recycled?

On the other hand, faux leather will not decay and, preferably, recycle down, meaning it cannot be manufactured into another item of imitation leather. ... Instead, if PVC or polyurethane imitation leather is completely recycled, it is often reused as something like a vinyl awning

Genuine Leather How much?

A genuine or genuine leather jacket can cost anywhere from $ 300 to $ 2,000 or more, depending on the quality of the leather and the popularity of the brand. But remember, expensive is not always the best.

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