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Хотунцева russian state exam pdf

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11 November 2018

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Поиск материала «ЕГЭ по английскому языку, Russian State Exam, Tasks 39-40, Пособие для подготовки учащихся, Письмо, Хотунцева Е.А., 2015» для чтения, скачивания и покупки

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What do they like to do in their free time? PDF с 1 июля 2008 года является открытым стандартом ISO 32000. Follow the plan in the task.

Restating the question in the task. Для наших клиентов мы предлагаем широкую систему скидок и бонусных программ, а также распродажи и акции, которые Вас приятно удивят.

Поиск материала «ЕГЭ по английскому языку, Russian State Exam, Tasks 39-40, Пособие для подготовки учащихся, Письмо, Хотунцева Е.А., 2015» для чтения, скачивания и покупки - Brainstorming ideas the topic using the suggested vocabulary.

Особую благодарность автор выражает коллеге, Петрущенковой И. Пособие состоит из двух частей: Книги для учащегося и Рекомендаций для учителя. Каждый раздел состоит из двух частей: Часть 1. Задание 39 Личное письмо. Данные разделы отрабатывают определенные навыки написания личного письма и сочинения с элементами рассуждения в формате ЕГЭ. Задание 39 Личное письмо Первый раздел Unit пособия посвящен основным правилам, которым необходимо следовать в процессе обучения умениям письма. Здесь разбираются такие моменты, как организация личного письма, правила написания даты и адреса, варианты использования фраз для начала и завершения письма, использование слов-связок и др. Помимо этого, анализируются критерии оценивания личного письма, которыми руководствуются эксперты в своей работе. В каждом из последующих разделов в части 1 задание 39, Личное письмо первым заданием является упражнение на анализ образца письма по определенному критерию, начиная с содержания и заканчивая комплексным анализом по всем критериям содержание, организация, использование языка. Мы считаем, что такие задания способствуют развитию когнитивного мышления учащихся, их аналитических способностей и более ответственного отношения к результатам обучения. Задания на анализ усложняются к концу пособия. Помимо этого, в каждом уроке представлен банк заданий для самостоятельного написания писем различной тематики. Задание 40 Сочинение-рассуждение Такой же подход сохраняется во второй части каждого раздела. В первом разделе учащиеся знакомятся с критериями оценивания сочинения-рассуждения и его форматом. Основное внимание уделяется развитию навыков построения логичной аргументации и контраргументации. Кроме этого, предлагаются упражнения на отработку других умений: писать вступление и заключение, перефразируя главную мысль рубрики; правильно употреблять средства связи, логично и связно излагать свои мысли, обобщать сказанное, выбирать правильную лексику, анализировать написанное и др. Эти умения развиваются как при помощи анализа частей или полных сочинений учащихся, так и посредством использования и развития представленного набора аргументов, упражнений на подстановку линкеров, составления целых сочинений из предложений, соотнесения частей предложений с последующим их использованием в качестве аргументов и др. Задания для анализа и обсуждения составлены с учетом типичных ошибок, выявленных в процессе работы экспертом по проверке письменных работ учащихся и проведения апелляций в ходе Единого государственного экзамена по английскому языку в течение последних нескольких лет. В конце раздела предложены темы для написания самостоятельного сочинения. Рекомендации для учителя Рекомендации для учителя содержат задания из Книги для учащегося, комментарии к упражнениям на анализ работ в соответствии с критериями оценивания и правильные варианты выполнения основных заданий. При этом при написании ответов к заданиям автор предлагает возможные варианты развития аргументов и тем самым намеренно уходит от составления образцов сочинений, так как это создает возможность для бездумного заучивания текста вместо развития умений. В конце Рекомендаций помещены критерии и схемы оценивания выполнения заданий раздела «Письмо». Пособие может быть использовано как на уроках в 1 0-11 — X классах, так и в рамках курсов по выбору или индивидуальных занятий при подготовке учащихся к выполнению заданий раздела «Письмо» ЕГЭ по английскому языку. Упражнения пособия могут использоваться выборочно, в зависимости от степени подготовки учащихся и времени на подготовку. Unit Unit theme Personality Family relationships Family celebrations Modern teenagers Friends and friendship Skiii Task types Page Task 39. Assessment criteria 12 Letter writing 2. An informal letter writing tips: 15 Labeling the letter layout; Opening and closing a letter; Useful expressions for writing; Formal and Informal style; Writing the date and address; Counting the words. Sample letter content analysis. Sample letter organisation analysis. Layout of an opinion essay: 27 Essay writing Matching headings. Focusing on the topic: 29 Er3task40 Paragraphs analysis Assessment criteria. Making and presenting an argument: 30 Introductory points. Irrelevant information, undeveloped arguments, logical an illogical counterarguments. Using linking words in arguments. Developing counter-arguments: 34 Identifying key points; Refuting logically. Sample introduction analysis and 36 1. The majority of Improvement. Teenagers try to follow 2. Dividing a part from a sample essay The fashion. Adults think that there are more importantthings. Making improvements to the essay. Matching topic sentences with 39 Are the most suitable The paragraphs. Residences for the elderly. Brainstorming arguments using the suggested vocabulary. Family and friends Unit Unit theme Skiii Task types Page Unit 1. Family and friends Personality Family relationships Family celebrations Modern teenagers Friends and friendship 3. Matching arguments with counter-arguments. Developing examples and supporting sentences for the arguments. The modern generation of teenagers is worse than previous genertations of teenagers. Restating the question in the task. Brainstorming justifications for the arguments. Choosing a suitable conclusion. Writing according to the plan. Brainstorming ideas for the topic Planning an essay Writing an introduction. Restating the question in the task. Completing the main part of an essay. House and home Flousing Flousehold chores Shopping City life and country life Task 39. Letter writing Analysing a sample letter content. More writing practice writing tasks pool. Living in a house is better than living in a flat. Matching arguments with justifications. Making sentences using linking words. Many people consider that it is better to live in the country. Using discourse markers to make up an essay. When people are 18 and finish school they should move away from home and starttheirown life. Sample essay content and organisation analysis and improvement. City living in the 21 century is stressful and offers no advantages. Restating the question in the task. Brainstorming ideas for an essay using the suggested vocabulary. Planning and making notes for an essay. Many people believe that online shopping is the best way to shop. Matching arguments with justifications. Writing paragraphs under the topic sentences. Restating the opinion in the conclusion. Shopping malls and Hypermarkets are The best way of shopping. Healthy living Food and drink Healthy eating GMFs The importance of sports Task 39. Letter writing Analysing a sample letter organisation: Writing in paragraphs: Linking ideas in a logical way: Writing the date and the address: Salutation: Ending the letter: Signing off and signature. More writing practice writing tasks pool. The young generation of people today is not as healthy as their grandparents used to be. Introduction: restating the question in the task in different words. Linking ideas: Cause and result: Making up arguments using linking words. Developing arguments based on the given ideas. Matching arguments with justifications. Many people believe that the best way to lose weight is following a special diet. Writing an introduction: Restating the guestion in the task in different words. Brainstorming justifications for the arguments. Sample paragraphs analysis and improvement. Writing counter — arguments under the topic sentence. Planning and writing an essay. Doing extreme sports is rather popular nowadays. However, there are people who think that they should be banned because they are too risky. Brainstorming arguments using the vocabulary. Writing an introduction and conclusion. Many people demand that genetically modified food should be banned. Others say it is unnecessary. Brainstorming justifications for the arguments using the suggested vocabulary. Planning an essay: making notes. Restating the question in the task. Free time and culture Hobbies and interests Music Reading books Cinema, TV Arts Task 39. Letter writing Analysing a sample letter language usage: proof reading. Analysing a sample letter content and organisation. More writing practice writing tasks pool. Free time and culture Hobbies and interests Music Reading books Cinema, TV Arts Task 40. Looking into the content. Matching arguments with the tasks. Specifying the ideas in the arguments by means of examples. Reading detective stories is a waste of time. Sample introduction and conclusion analysis. Using a proper vocabulary to write an introduction and conclusion To match the content and the style. Sample paragraphs content analysis. Sample paragraphs content, organisation, vocabulary, grammar, spelling and punctuation analysis. There is nothing worth watching on television these days. Sample essay analysis: Content: Organisation: Vocabulary: Grammar: Spelling: Punctuation. Brainstorming ideas for an essay. Restating the question in the task in different words. E-books will eventually make traditional books obsolete. Avoiding over-use of personal pronouns. Brainstorming ideas for the arguments. Writing paragraph 4 under the topic sentence. Public libraries are becoming less popular and they will soon disappear. Brainstorming ideas and developing arguments. Government should support art galleries and museums. Expanding topic sentences into paragraphs using the suggested vocabulary. Education School studies School life Further education Learning a foreign language Task 39. Letter writing Analysing the sample letter: Content: Organisation: Language usage. More writing practice writing tasks pool. Education School studies School life Further education Learning a foreign language Task 40. Many schools in Russia require all students to wear school uniform, while in others students can decide what to wear at school. Should school uniform be obligatory at school? Sample introduction analysis and improvement. Arranging sentences into a paragraph. Matching arguments with justifications. Planning and making notes for an essay. Brainstorming ideas for an essay using the suggested vocabulary. Developing arguments and justifications. It is believed that in the future teachers will be completely replaced by computers. Brainstorming ideas for an essay using the suggested vocabulary. Developing arguments and counter-arguments. Planning and making notes for an essay. Some people think that it is possible to get good school education only at elite single-sex boarding schools abroad. Sample introductions analysis and improvement. Writing a proper introduction: restating the question in the task in different words. Sample conclusion analysis and improvement. Arguments analysis: logical or not logical? Planning and making notes for an essay. Many parents believe that it is not necessary to learn a second foreign language at school. It is enough to learn only English. Reading and analysing a sample essay: Content: Organisation: Vocabulary: Grammar: Spelling and punctuation. Planning and writing an essay. Choosing a career Jobs and career Success in life Task 39. Letter writing Analysing the sample letter. More writing practice writing tasks pool. Doing a part-time job while studying is a way to earn their pocket money for many teens. However, most parents are sure that it would be better for them to concentrate on their study. Reading and analysing a sample essay. Matching arguments to the different opinions. Planning and making notes for an essay. Writing essays with two opposing opinions. Choosing a career Jobs and career Success in life 2. Many teenagers believe that it is more important to get a highly paid job than a job that brings satisfaction. Brainstorming and developing arguments for and against different kinds of jobs. Planning and writing an essay. Many parents feel that their children should follow their advice in choosing a career. Analysing the content and organisation in sample paragraphs 3-5. Planning and making notes for an essay. Developing arguments and justifications. The best things in life are free. Brainstorming ideas for an essay using the suggested vocabulary. Writing an introduction: restating the question in the task in different words. Planning and making notes for an essay. Developing arguments and justification. Countries around the world Popular destinations Ways of travelling Traditions and customs Global tourism Letter writing Analysing the sample letter: Content: Organisation: Language usage. Letter writing writing tasks pool. Some people believe that visitors to other countries should follow local customs and meet national standards of behavior. Sample introduction analysis: Content: Organisation: Grammar: Vocabulary: Spelling. Sample paragraphs 2-4 analysis: Content: Organisation: Grammar: Vocabulary: Spelling: Punctuation. Sample conclusion analysis: Content: Organisation: Grammar: Vocabulary: Spelling: Punctuation. Planning and making notes for an essay. Countries around the world Popular destinations Ways of travelling Traditions and customs Global tourism 2. Some people think that international tourism brings many disadvantages to local communities. Brainstorming ideas on the topic. Matching halves of the sentences to build an argument. Planning and making notes for an essay. It is not important to keep and observe traditions and customs. Brainstorming ideas on the topic. It is more important to travel when your are young than when you are a middle-aged person. Brainstorming ideas the topic using the suggested vocabulary. Writing arguments to support different opinions. Planning and making notes for an essay. Communication, the media Inventions and discoveries Modern IT Modern communication Task 39. Letter writing Sample letter analysis: Content: Organisation: Language usage. Letter writing writing tasks pool. Space exploration is a waste of time and money. Restating the question in the task. Sample paragraphs 2-3 analysis. Developing arguments for and against space exploration. Planning and making notes for an essay. Many people think that the computer is one of the most useful inventions of the 21 century. Writing an introduction: restating the guestlon In the task In different words. Matching paragraph with a topic sentence. Choosing the correct linkers. Using linkers in a paragraph. Developing arguments for an essay. The Internet is one of the greatest inventions. Writing an introduction: restating the question in the task in different words. Brainstorming the ideas for an essay. Planning and making notes for an essay. Communication, the media Inventions and discoveries Modern IT Modern communication 4. It is only beneficial that mass media shapes public opinion. Writing an introduction: restating the question in the task in different words. Developing arguments for an essay using the suggested vocabulary. Planning and making notes for an essay. The natural world Weather and climate Environmental concerns Animals Task 39. Letter writing Sample letter analysis: Content: Organisation: Language usage. Letter writing writing tasks pool. Genetic science has gone too far. Topic focus: sample paragraphs analysis. Sample paragraphs 3-4 analysis: Content and organisation. Brainstorming ideas for and against genetic science using the suggested vocabulary. Planning and making notes for an essay. Writing an introduction to an essay. Animal testing should be banned. Writing an introduction: restating the guestlon In the task In different words. Brainstorming ideas for an essay using the suggested vocabulary. Planning and making notes for an essay. Writing an introduction: restating the guestlon In the task in different words. Brainstorming ideas for an essay using the suggested vocabulary. Planning and making notes for an essay. За него можно получить 6 баллов. Время, рекомендуемое на его написание, — 20 минут. Is there a person in your family who you admire? What is he or she like? Why do you look up at him or her? I got a new mobile for my birthday! Write a letter to Pamela. In your letter: Answer her questions; Ask 3 questions about her new mobile. Remember the rules of letter writing. Read the sample letter. Study the layout of an informal letter. Thanking for the previous letter Reference to the previous contact Dear Pamela, Thank you for your letter. It was nice to hear from you again. Sorry for not writing, I was busy with my project. As for the person in my family who I admire, I think it is my Dad. Unfortunately, he is always busy, but when he has some free time I like to talk with him and discuss different problems. He is very intelligent and smart and that is why I like to spend time with him talking. I admire him because he is rather a positive and optimistic person. By the way, what about your new mobile? Is it a new smart phone? Can you use the Internet and different apps now? Do you use it to listen to music? Если за содержание учащийся получает О баллов, по остальным критериям он также получает О баллов. Numberof words 100-140 В личном письме допустимое расхождение по количеству слов может составлять 10% от указанных границ. Таким образом, минимальное количество слов в письме — 90, максимальное — 154. Если учащийся написал менее 90 слов, например, 89, то за содержание ему поставят 0 баллов. Если количество слов превышает 1 54, то в работе отсчитываются 140 слов и проверяется именно эта часть письма. Таким образом, некоторые аспекты могут быть не оценены, и учащийся теряет балл. Aspects 1-3 answering the questions. В данном задании учащийся должен дать ответы на следующие вопросы задания: Is there а person in your family who you admire? Ответ дан: I think it is my Dad. What is he or she like? Ответ дан: He is very intelligent and smart and that is why I like to spend time with him talking. Why do you look up at him or her? Ответ дан: I admire him beeause I ean learn muehfrom him and respeet his ability to look at things from dijferent points of view. Aspect 4: asking 3 questions. Согласно заданию, нужно задать 3 вопроса о новом мобильном телес эоне. Вопросы заданы: Is it а new smart phone? Can you use the Internet and different apps now? Do you use it to listen to musie? Aspect 5: poiiteness conventions. При написании личного письма необходимо в начале поблагодарить автора за письмо е. В конце письма необходимо написать завершающую с эразу, выразив надежду на последующие контакты е. После чего пожелать всего наилучшего е. Не стоит писать свою с эамилию, рисовать смайлики и другие рисунки, так как это может быть расценено как нарушение конс эиденциальности и вызовет вопросы у экзаменационной комиссии. Aspect 6: styie saiutation, ending the ietter, signing off and signature are written according to semi-formai styie. При написании личного письма предполагается использовать полус эормальный стиль, для которого характерна определенная лексика. При ответах на вопросы важно следить за логикой и стараться не перескакивать с одной темы на другую и возвращаться обратно. При этом нужно использовать разные средства связи, которые помогают делать высказывание четким и логичным см. В данном письме автор последовательно и логично ответил на все заданные вопросы. При написании личного письма в с эормате ЕГЭ важно правильно разделить его на абзацы: Thanking for the previous letter, referenee to the previous eontaet. Main body answering the questions. Main body asking questions. Их не будет много, но они позволяют четко структурировать высказывания, переходя от одного аспекта к другому. Salutation, ending the letter, signing off and signature are on separate lines. Подпись автора Semyon Пишутся на отдельных строках, слева, согласно современным правилам написания письма. После приветствия ставится или не ставится запятая. После с эразы — надежды на последующие контакты — точка. После заключительной с эразы — запятая. После имени собственного знаки препинания НЕ ставятся. Дата ставится под адресом. Допустим сокращенный вариант написания адреса: Moscow, Russia 23. Принимаются и британский, и американский варианты написания, а также полное написание при помощи слов: October, 23d, 2014. Однако следует обратить внимание, что дата, написанная словами, будет содержать 3 слова, тогда как дата, написанная цис эрами 23. Look at the layout of an informal letter and indicate its parts: Salutation, address, date, main body answering the guestions , thanking for the previous letter, main body asking the guestions , signing off, signature, reference to the previous contact, ending the letter. Salutation Address Date Thanking for the previous letter, reference to the previous contact Main body answering the questions Ending the letter Signing off Signature Main body asking the questions Exercise 2. Match the way we open letters 1 -4 to the way we end them A-D: 1 — C, 2-A, 3-D, 4-В Put the four endings in order, from most formal to most informal. Lots of love Which of them would you use in an informal letter? Look at the expressions A-K and match them with purposes 1-11. A-4, B-8, C-1, D-1 1, E-3, F — 7, G-9, H-2, 1-5, J-6, K-10 В. Complete the sample letter with the expressions from task A: Dear Patricia, 1 Many thanks for your letter. I was really busy with my project. However, clothes can vary depending on different occasions. For example, teens prefer to dress smart for a party and to wear casual or disco clothes for dancing. As for me, my favourite type of clothes is jeans and hoodies. By the way, great news! Where is your sister going to celebrate her marriage? How many people will be there? What plans do they have for their honeymoon? Rd better finish now. Best wishes, Asya Exercise 4. What makes a letter sound informal? W Mark the following phrases as formal F and informal I : F F I I F F 1 I I F 1 12 I Exercise 5. Сложные слова типа hard-working считаются как одно слово; I often use ту laptop instead of а TV-set to wateh movies, listen to musie, ete. What questions should you answer? Предполагается дать ответы на следующие вопросы аспекты 1-3 : What are Russian teenagers like in your eountry? What are their hobbies? What do they like to do in their free time? What questions should be asked? Нужно задать 3 вопроса о новом хобби друга, в данном случае — об увлечении скейтбордом. Why will the student NOT score maximum points for the content? Sorry for not having written earlier, but I was busy at school. You asked me about a typical Russian teenager. Well, Russian teenagers are in fact very ordinary. They think their teachers make them work hard and friendship is the most important thing in their lives. Parents think that modern teens are awful, but I think they criticize them for no reason. As for their hobbies, they are quite different. Is it difficult to ride it? Yours, Peter Is there the required number of words? What questions did they answer? What are Russian teenagers like in your eountry? Ответ дан: Well, Russian teenagers are infaet very ordinary. What are their hobbies? Ответ дан, но не полный: As for their hobbies, they are quite different. What do they like to do in their free time? Ответ на вопрос не дан. What questions did they ask? Задан только один из трех вопросов: Is it diffieult to ride it? Did the student begin and finish the letter according to the rules of letter writing? В письме нет ссылки на предыдущие контакты, пожелания всего наилучшего. Is the style informal? Стиль письма соответствует требованиям. Why will the student NOT score maximum points for the content? Well, Russian teenagers are the same as in the other countries. They like playing computer games and doing sports. I think the most popular activity among boys is football and as for the girls, tastes differ. They are fond of music and going shopping. As for me, I like hanging out with my friends. How many tricks can you do on it? Where do you keep it? Love Mary Ivanova Answer the following questions to analyse the letter: Is there the required number of words? В письме 91 слово, поэтому оно будет проверено. What questions did they answer? Ответ дан: Russian teenagers are the same as in the other eountries. What do they enjoy? Ответ дан: They like playing eomputer games and doing sports. What do they like to do in their free time? Ответ дан: I think the most popular aetivity among boys is football and as for the girls, tastes differ. They are fond ofmusie and going shopping.
Sample paragraphs content, organisation, vocabulary, grammar, spelling and punctuation analysis. Making improvements to the essay. Tasks 39-40 соответствуют темам ЕГЭ по английскому языку. More writing practice writing tasks pool. В этом формате Russian State Exam: Teacher's Book: Tacks 39-40 аудиокурс на CD распространяется, как документ. Sample introduction analysis and 36 1. Letter writing Sample letter analysis: Content: Organisation: Language usage.

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