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As Caer Guricon it is a possible alternative for the Dark Age seat of the Kingdom of Powys. Following the Greyfriars Bridge is the , historically called Stone Bridge, which was rebuilt in the 1920s.
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Shrewsbury shown within Shropshire and England Coordinates: : Sovereign state United Kingdom Constituent country Region Ceremonial county Local government Website Founded c. The town is the birthplace of and is where he spent 27 years of his life. Located 9 miles 14 km east of the border, Shrewsbury serves as the commercial centre for Shropshire and mid-Wales, with a retail output of over £299 million per year and light industry and distribution centres, such as , on the outskirts. The and come together as the town's by-pass, and five railway lines meet at. The town is located 150 miles 240 km north-west of. Typical and on Wyle Cop. Over the ages, the geographically important town has been the site of many conflicts, particularly between the and. The Angles, under King , took possession in 778. Nearby is the village of , 5 miles 8 km to the south-east. This was once the site of , the fourth largest capital in. As Caer Guricon it is a possible alternative for the Dark Age seat of the Kingdom of Powys. The importance of the Shrewsbury area in the Roman era was underlined with the discovery of the in 2009. Medieval was built around 1074 by Roger de Montgomery. Today the Castle is home to the Shropshire Regimental Museum. Shrewsbury's known history commences in the , having been founded c. It is believed that Shrewsbury was most probably a settlement fortified through the use of earthworks comprising a ditch and rampart, which were then shored up with a wooden stockade. There is evidence to show that by the beginning of the 900s, Shrewsbury was home to a. The Welsh besieged it in 1069, but were repelled by. Roger de Montgomery was given the town as a gift from William, and built in 1074, taking the title of Earl. He founded as a in 1083. The 3rd Earl, , was deposed in 1102 and the title forfeited, in consequence of rebelling against and joining the of 's invasion of England in 1101. In 1138, successfully besieged the castle held by for the during the period known as. It was in the late 14th and 15th centuries when the town was at its height of commercial importance. This was mainly due to the , a major industry at the time, with the rest of Britain and Europe, especially with the River Severn and as trading routes. The dominated the trade in Welsh wool for many years. In 1403 the was fought a few miles north of the town centre, at ; it was fought between King and , with the King emerging victorious, an event celebrated in 's , Act 5. Early modern Ireland's Mansion circa 1900; at the eastern end of Shrewsbury High Street, the building was built in 1596 for wealthy wool trader Robert Ireland. Shrewsbury's monastic gathering was disbanded with the and as such the Abbey was closed in 1540. However, it is believed that thereafter intended to make Shrewsbury a cathedral city after the formation of the , but the citizens of the town declined the offer. Despite this, Shrewsbury thrived throughout the 16th and 17th centuries; largely due to the town's fortuitous location, which allowed it to control the Welsh wool trade. As a result, a number of grand edifices, including the Ireland's Mansion built 1575 and Draper's Hall 1658 , were constructed. It was also in this period that gave permission for the foundation of a free school, which was later to become. Sir with his wife, Lucy, and children, and Mary. Sir Francis was the royalist military governor of Shrewsbury at the beginning of the English Civil War. During the , the town was a stronghold and only fell to Parliament forces after they were let in by a parliamentarian sympathiser at the St Mary's Water Gate now also known as Traitor's Gate. After captured Shrewsbury in February 1645; in following with the ; a dozen prisoners were selected to be killed after picking lots. This prompted to respond by executing Parliamentarian prisoners in. By the 18th century Shrewsbury had become an important market town and stop off for stagecoaches travelling between London and on their way to Ireland; this led to the establishment of a number of coaching inns, many of which, such as the Lion Hotel, are extant to this day. Local soldier and statesman was Shrewsbury's MP from 1762 until his death in 1774. Clive also served once as the town's mayor in 1762. St Chad's Church, then in a low-lying part of the town centre, collapsed in 1788 after attempts to expand the crypt compromised the structural integrity of the tower above; it was, however, rebuilt just four years later as a large neo-classical round church in a new and more elevated location close to. In the period directly after 's surrender after 18 June 1815 , the town's own was sent to guard him in his exile on. A locket containing a lock of the emperor's hair presented to an officer of the 53rd remains to this day in the collections of the Shropshire Regimental Museum at. Late modern A view of Shrewsbury's skyline from Shrewsbury School. Shrewsbury has also played a part in Western intellectual history, by being the town where the naturalist was born and brought up. Its importance was officially recognised in the 1950s, resulting in it becoming a Grade I. Shrewsbury in the was also on the , which linked it with the and the rest of the. Despite this, Shrewsbury escaped much of the industrialisation taking place in 19th century Britain due to its isolation from other large manufacturing towns and ports. The town suffered very little from the bombing runs in the that did damage to many English locations. The worst case in Shrewsbury was in 1940, a woman and her two grandchildren were killed when a cottage was destroyed on Ellesmere Road, the only local air raid deaths. Therefore, many of its ancient buildings remain intact and there was little redevelopment in the 1960s and 1970s, which arguably destroyed the character of many historic towns in the UK. However, some historic buildings were demolished to make way for the architectural style of the 1960s, though the town was saved from a new 'inner ring road' due to its challenging geography. From the late 1990s, the town experienced severe flooding problems from the Severn and. In the autumn of 2000 large swathes of the town were underwater, notably , which flooded three times in six weeks. The Frankwell flood defences were completed in 2003, along with the new offices of the borough council. More recently, such as in 2005 and 2007, flooding has been less severe, and the defences have generally held back floodwaters from the town centre areas. However, the town car parks are often left to be flooded in the winter, which reduces trade in the town, most evidenced in the run up to Christmas in 2007. Shrewsbury won the Capital of Enterprise award in 2004. The town has two large expanding business parks, by the A5 in the southeast and in the north. There are many residential developments currently under construction in the town to cater for the increasing numbers of people wishing to live in the town, which is a popular place to commute to , and from. A 2005 report on prison population found that was the most overcrowded in. The prison, which was also known as the Dana, was closed in 2013 and then sold by the to private property developers in 2014. In 2009 was formed and the town's traditional coat of arms was returned to everyday use. See also: Shrewsbury is about 14 miles 23 km west of Telford, 43 miles 69 km west of and the , and about 153 miles 246 km north-west of the capital,. More locally, the town is to the east of , with and to the south-east. The border with is 9 miles 14 km to the west. The town centre is partially built on a hill whose elevation is, at its highest, 246 feet 75 m above sea level. The longest river in the UK, the , flows through the town, forming a meander around its centre. The town is subject to flooding from the river. Areas of Shrewsbury A clickable link map of showing suburbs and surrounding villages. The town is near , a site where rocks, some of the oldest rocks in the county can be found, and the town itself is sited on an area of largely rocks. A fault, the Hodnet Fault, starts approximately at the town, and runs as far as. Suburbs See also: There are a number of and surrounding villages. The River Severn separates the western, southern and eastern suburbs from the town centre and northern suburbs. An example of a large neighbouring village that has effectively become part of the suburban area is , which grew considerably in the latter half of the 20th century and is now separated from the suburb by only a few fields and the. It remains, however, a separate entity to the town, with its own parish council, etc. Bayston Hill lies 3 miles 5 km south of the town centre of Shrewsbury and on the A49 and near to the A5. The smaller village of , north of the town, is considered a suburb of Shrewsbury. It is covered by the parish of Shrewsbury. Rainfall averages 76 to 100 cm 30 to 39 in , influenced by being in the of the from warm, moist of the , which bring generally light precipitation in autumn and spring. The nearest weather station is at , about 6. The local topography, being that of a low-lying plain surrounded by higher ground to the west, south and east gives the Shrewsbury area its own microclimate — the absolute maximum at Shawbury of 34. In an average year, the warmest day is 28. The absolute maximum of 34. Annual average rainfall averages around 650 mm, with over 1 mm falling on 124 days of the year. Climate data for Shawbury, elevation 72 m, 1971—2000, extremes 1960— Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C °F 14. King granted another early charter in 1189 and from that time the town's regional importance and influence increased, as well as its autonomy from the county of Shropshire. Further charters were granted in 1199 King , 1495 , 1638 and 1685. In 1974 a charter from the incorporated the Borough of Shrewsbury and Atcham, under the auspices of which the town remained until 2009. Shrewsbury is the administrative centre for the new , the covering most of Shropshire but excluding the Borough of , a separate unitary authority area. Shropshire Council have their headquarters at the Shirehall, on Abbey Foregate. Shrewsbury is in the and is the only large settlement in the constituency. At the most recent general election, in , of the Conservative Party was elected with a majority of 6,627. Previous MPs for Shrewsbury have included 19th century Prime Minister. Shrewsbury has been twinned with , since 1977. The submarine is affiliated with Shrewsbury and the town also served as the administrative headquarters of the 's regional whose administrative HQ was based at , until 2014. Instead, the Mayor of was also the mayor of the town. However, as part of wider changes to local governance in Shropshire, the town was on 13 May 2008, with a single parish created covering the entire town and previously unparished area. Shrewsbury is the in England only has a greater population with a population of approximately 72,000. The area of the parish is 3,799 hectares 9,390 acres. The town council, which is the parish council, first convened on 1 April 2009, and its chair is the Mayor of Shrewsbury. For the interim period before the first elections, the existing county councillors who represented electoral divisions covering Shrewsbury were the town councillors. On 4 June 2009, the first election was held to the town council, with councillors elected from 17 single-member wards coterminous with electoral divisions. Coat of arms The political make-up of the town council, as of the , sees Labour as the largest party with 7 seats, the Conservatives on 6, the Liberal Democrats on 3 and the Green Party with 1. The Mayor of Shrewsbury for 2018-19 is Peter Nutting. The town council has its headquarters and meeting place at Riggs Hall, which is one of the original buildings of the former site of Shrewsbury School on Castle Gates to the rear of the town's main library. This has been its home since 2017; it was previously at the Guildhall, on Frankwell Quay, which had originally been built in 2004 as the headquarters of Shrewsbury and Atcham Borough Council, but is now a building used by the. The coat of arms of the now abolished Shrewsbury and Atcham Borough Council was Shrewsbury's shield with the addition of Bridge running above the loggerheads. A new loggerheads badge embedded in a circular shape returned for 2015-16 season. A loggerhead, in , means a 's head — its naming derived from the carving of such faces on the ends of logs, including battering rams. The , and other county crests etc. Total population 95,850 5,267,308 49,138,831 White 98. The same census put the population of the wider and now abolished borough of Shrewsbury and Atcham at 95,850. In 1981 the population of the town was 57,731 and in 1991 the population of the town was 64,219. Shrewsbury is Shropshire's town, after. The 2001 census also indicates that the population of the town consists of 51. According to the same census, the composition of the town is largely , at 98. The next largest ethnic group is , at 0. Historical population The population figures below are for the borough of , which existed only between 1974 and 2009, and covered a much wider area than the town. Nearby is home to the 's , the 's main rotary aircraft training facility. Throughout the Medieval period, Shrewsbury was a centre for the trade, and used its position on the River Severn to transport goods across England via the canal system. Unlike many other towns in this period, Shrewsbury never became a centre for heavy industry. By the early 1900s, the town became focused on transport services and the general service and professional sector, owing to its position on the , part of the strategic route to. The town is the location of the town and county councils, and a number of complexes, both in and out of the town centre, and these provide significant employment. Shrewsbury is well known for being home to a high number of independent businesses, including shops, cafes and restaurants. Wyle Cop in Shrewsbury is said to have the 'longest uninterrupted row of independent shops'. Four in five jobs in the town are in the. Within this sector, the largest employers are the and sectors, which includes retail, food and accommodation. The and Pride Hill shopping centres house many retailers such as , , and. Riverside provides further retail accommodation for stores including. A plan to redevelop Riverside and integrate a new development with the Darwin and Pride Hill centres was granted planning permission in April 2012. There are also two retail warehouse clusters: at to the south, and at to the north. Major supermarkets in the town are the Extra at Harlescott, on Whitchurch Road, on Old Potts Way, and at Meole Brace. Shrewsbury is home to a wealth of independent and specialist retailers, such as those shown in High Street. The of Shrewsbury and Atcham was worth about £115 million in 2001, with about 2,500 people employed directly in the visitor industry and 3,400 indirectly. There were about 3. Shrewsbury's position of being the only sizable town for a large area, especially to the west in , allows it to attract a large retail base beyond that of its resident population. This is not only evident in the retail sector, but also in the sector, where the has the only department westwards until , about 75 miles 121 km away. Businesses in Shrewsbury voted in favour of a Business Improvement District in late 2013 and Shrewsbury BID started operating in April 2014. Shrewsbury BID delivers on a five-year business plan of projects, which include major destination marketing campaigns, significant cost savings for businesses and strategic work ensuring the best possible town centre environment in which business can flourish. The company is governed by a board of directors and employs three staff full-time. In 1900 there were eight breweries in the town, chief among them being Southam's and Trouncer's, which also had their own and owned many local public houses, as well as five other maltsters, but the conventional brewing industry gradually closed after takeovers in the 1960s, and the last maltings, at Ditherington, in 1986. A real ale brewery, The Salopian Brewery, was established in the town in 1995. It was based in the Old Dairy on Mytton Oak Road before relocating in 2014 to a few miles north of the town. In terms of social and , according to the Overall Index of Multiple Deprivation of 2004, one Super Output Area SOA in the town is in the bottom 15% of all areas nationally. This area is in the ward of. A further four SOAs fall into the bottom 30% nationally, these being in the wards of Monkmoor, , and and. The most affluent areas of the town are generally to the south and west, around the grounds of , and the area. Shrewsbury Library, Castle Gates; formerly housed 's alma mater. The historic town centre still retains its medieval street pattern and many narrow passages. Many specialist shops, traditional pubs and local restaurants can be found in the hidden corners, squares and lanes of Shrewsbury. Many of the have also remained unchanged for centuries and there are some more unusual names, such as Butcher Row, Longden Coleham, Dogpole, , Frankwell, Roushill, , Gullet Passage, Murivance, the Dana, Portobello, Bear Steps, Shoplatch and Bellstone. The , in the pre-1882 building, is on Castle Street. Fish Street, the spire of St Alkmund's Church and the tower of St Julian's Church are visible. In the centre of the town lies. This 29 acre 120,000 m² riverside park attracts thousands of people throughout the year and is enjoyed as a place of recreation. The 's has been associated with Shrewsbury since the 17th century when the first regiments were formed and many more regiments have been raised at Shrewsbury before being deployed all over the world from the to the current conflicts in and. Today, after several major reorganisations, the Light Infantry now forms part of the regiment known simply as. Shrewsbury's , spiritual home of the Light Division, ultimately housed the Headquarters of the British Army's before it moved in 2014, while that of the disbanded in April 2012 as part of the reorganisation of the Army's. Between 1962 and 1992 there was a hardened , built for , who provided the field force of the and would have sounded the alarm in the event of war and warned the population of Shrewsbury in the event of approaching radioactive fallout. The building was manned by up to 120 volunteers who trained on a weekly basis and wore a style uniform. After the breakup of the communist bloc in 1989, the Royal Observer Corps was disbanded between September 1991 and December 1995. However, the nuclear bunker still stands just inside Holywell Street near the Abbey as a lasting reminder of the Cold War, but is now converted and used as a veterinary practice. The three main museums are , which houses the Shropshire Regimental Museum and the. There are various private galleries and art shops around the town, including the Gateway Education and Arts Centre. Another notable feature of the town is , the largest free-standing in the world. Bridges The pictured and are Shrewsbury's two main access bridges for cars. Working downstream from Bridge, a modern pedestrian footbridge spans the River Severn between Frankwell and the town centre. Further along from the Welsh Bridge is the , a pedestrian suspension bridge running between and Porthill, built in 1922. The next bridge along the river is , a privately owned , and the subsequent bridge is the , a pedestrian bridge between Coleham and the town centre. Following the Greyfriars Bridge is the , historically called Stone Bridge, which was rebuilt in the 1920s. Beyond it is the , which is partly built over the river. After the station is , another modern pedestrian footbridge. The last bridge to cross the river within the Shrewsbury bypass area is called Telford Way, which has separate lanes for vehicles A5112 , bicycles and pedestrians. There are many in Shrewsbury, including , founded by in 1083. Shrewsbury Greek Orthodox Church, a former Anglican church building, is off Sutton Road to the south. Shrewsbury is home to the Roman Catholic , by the Town Walls, as well as two other parishes in and Monkmoor, within the. One of the , facing St Alkmund's Church, was the site of first preaching in Shrewsbury; a records the date as 16 March 1761. According to legend, the spire of St Alkmund's Church was damaged by the Devil in 1553, and climbed four times by a drunken steeplejack in 1621. There are several churches in Shrewsbury. Shrewsbury Evangelical Church meets in the former Anglican parish church of St Julian at the Wyle Cop end of Fish Street. Shrewsbury's first non-Christian place of worship, a Muslim centre, was approved in 2013. Many community projects in Shrewsbury are based in, or have been started by local churches, including the Isaiah 58 project, which is the primary work amongst homeless people in the town, whilst 'Churches Together in Shrewsbury' works to help homeless people through the Ark project. Shrewsbury , based at Barnabas Community Church Centre and apart of 'Food Bank Plus' - provides debt relief for local people, as well as a wide range of social action initiatives including 'Money Advice' a confidential, not for profit debt, benefits and financial help service and Eclipse Child Bereavement: which works with local schools to help children who have experienced losses to overcome their situation. Also run by Barnabas are projects including '360 Journey to Work' - which help people gain skills in applying for jobs and basics like CV writing and 'Cage football' - an initiative that is lent out to local community groups, youth clubs and other churches. Charles Darwin, Shrewsbury's most famous son. There have been a number of notable Salopians, and people otherwise associated with the town of Shrewsbury, including , the biologist and. Darwin, who is one of the most important thinkers of the 19th century, who was born in Shrewsbury on 12 February 1809 at the Mount House, baptised at St Chad's Church and educated at. He spent his formative years in the town, the towns river and proximity to the countryside inspired his interest in the natural world and the abundance of ice-age boulders within the town sparked his interest in geology. When he was a teenage, he worked with his father at the Royal Shrewsbury Infirmary, which is now the Parade Shopping Centre. After leaving the town, Darwin frequently returned and stayed at the Lion Hotel on Wyle Cop. Shrewsbury has been home to many contributors to literature. Prior to the , the poet lived in the town, there is a memorial to Owen at Shrewsbury Abbey. Classicist was educated in Shrewsbury and her father was a prominent Shrewsbury architects. In the early years of the 18th century, the Irish dramatist resided in the town while acting as a recruiting officer for the Army. He drew on this experience in writing the comedy. The romantic novelist lived in and around Shrewsbury and was buried there upon her death. Other actors with associations with the town include , presenter of , who, like Palin, was educated at Shrewsbury School. Actor Jason Bateman's mother was born in Shrewsbury. Comedian lived in the town, near , before and during the. People with political associations also have connections with the town. Former residents have included , a politician who was educated at Shrewsbury School, and , who was once Britain's richest man, and was MP for Shrewsbury. He lived in apartments at Shrewsbury Castle. The 1980s pop group was formed in the town and the band's vocalist was born and educated in the town, along with other members of the band. Notable music historian was born and educated in the town. He is honoured with a statue on the Square. Sporting Salopians include footballers of and youth academy graduates and England goalkeeper and Wales midfielder. Four winning players who took part in the first decade of the Cup's history were born in or lived in Shrewsbury: , and , of the and of. Other notable people of the town include; comic book artist was born in Shrewsbury and is most known for illustrating ; , a performer and , who is buried in the town, at ; , a designer was born in the town, and was resident there until 1994; , an 18th-century , who designed the and the bridge at was born in the town; , the gardener and broadcaster lived in Shrewsbury, where he set up the garden centre near Meole Brace and just down the road from the football club. It is currently the home of renowned singer , with his family. Lock became internationally recognised as a high scoring of the in the with 26 victories before his death in combat at the age of 21. He was the RAF's most successful British-born pilot in the , shooting down 16. One recipient is known to have lived in Shrewsbury; , who was decorated in 1916 during and retired from his later full-time clergy ministry in 1964 to briefly live at Mytton Oak Road, , before relocating to. The forerunner of was a school magazine edited by , , and at in the mid-1950s. Shrewsbury Horticultural Society organises the town's annual flower show in August. Shrewsbury has a busy spring and summer events season, which includes music, art, food and sport. The town is home to the 'longest running flower show in the world'. The annual is a two-day event, which takes place in mid-August, has been running for more than 125 years. The event attracts around 100,000 visitors each year and offers a multitude of events, exhibitions and gardens, with a fireworks display at the end of each day. The is an extremely popular music festival held at the West Mid Showground in Shrewsbury during August bank holiday. The has been held in Shrewsbury since 2006. Held annually over the August bank holiday, the event is very popular, with people travelling from across the UK to attend. Other events held in Shrewsbury's busy spring and summer of events include the Cartoon Festival, Shrewsbury Bookfest, Shrewsbury Regatta, Cycle Grand Prix, Shrewsbury Carnival, Food Festival, Dragon Boat Race and the Coracle World Championships. Shrewsbury celebrates the intrinsic links to Darwin with an annual Darwin Festival in February. The two and a half week multi-media event celebrates the town as the 'Origin of Independent Thinking' with activities including lectures, dance performances and live music. The cinema opened in 2004 in the prominent Tudor market hall positioned in Shrewsbury Square. The independent cinema features daily screens of films from around the world along with a cafe and bar. Theatre Severn is the town's main performing arts complex, it is situated in next to the Welsh Bridge on the bank of the River Severn. The theatre includes two performance spaces, the 635 seat Main Auditorium and a smaller studio space, the Walker Theatre which can accommodate 250 seating or 500 standing. The venue also includes a full sized dance studio, function rooms and a restaurant. The new complex replaced the old theatre, the Music Hall, which itself has been refurbished and expanded in preparation for its current use as home to opened 2014. Further museums in the town include the acclaimed Shropshire Regimental Museum, based at , and the restored 19th century steam-powered , which opens for tours on specific days each year. Nearby properties include , former home of the Noel-Hill family, , and the last remaining Town Walls Tower which dates from the 14th century. There are some very old , which have been continuously open, such as the in Princess Street, the Dun Cow in Abbey Foregate, and the King's Head in Mardol. The Golden Cross is reputed to be the oldest licensed public house in Shrewsbury and records show that it was used as an inn as far back as 1428. Its original name was the Sextry, because it was originally the of Old St Chad's Church. In the arts Famous literary figures who have lived in or visited the town include in the 17th century , , the Shrewsbury School-educated and and playwright whose 1706 play 'The Recruiting Officer' was set in the town. The Brother Cadfael series was based at Shrewsbury Abbey. The town appears in the novels by pen name of. The novels take for their setting, with Shrewsbury and other places in Shropshire portrayed regularly, and have made Medieval Shrewsbury familiar to a wide worldwide readership. Later, in the 18th and 19th centuries, the likes of , and the latter of which was MP for Shrewsbury 1841—47, would visit the town. However, in this period the town's most prolific literary figure and famous son was born —. The Magnum Photos Evolution Explored exhibition in Shrewsbury Square Darwin was educated at Shrewsbury School and later, with the development of his 1859 work became the preeminent naturalist of the 19th century. Although Darwin's work was both revolutionary and highly controversial at the time, his teachings and beliefs have become ever more globalised and he is today widely recognised as the father of the modern theory of evolution. In the same century, Shrewsbury became famous for its poets. The poet was a resident, whilst his fellow poet much loved the town and referred to it many a time in her works under the guise of Silverton. In film, Shrewsbury was used as the setting for the popular 1984 film, , which filmed many of its interior and exterior shots in and around the town. The gravestone of played by that was used in the movie is still present in the graveyard of. In early 2017, Shrewsbury BID, the Hive and GRAIN Photography Hub organised an outdoor exhibition. Inspired by Shrewsbury's links to Charles Darwin, this exhibition showcased the theme of evolution through the eyes of international photographers. The 10-week exhibition was free to the public and staged at St Mary's Churchyard and the Square. Media Two newspapers are published for Shrewsbury — the local edition of the county's and the more traditional , which is one of the oldest weekly newspapers in the country, having produced its first edition in 1772. There are presently three radio stations that specifically serve either the Shrewsbury area or encompass it as part of a Shropshire-wide broadcast. They include: ;, , which is based in Shrewsbury; and, as of September 2006, , which broadcasts from the Shropshire Star building in Telford. In 2009 a brand new online independent media company launched covering Shrewsbury and Shropshire. Food Main article: Shrewsbury is well known in culinary circles for being the namesake of a classic English dessert. They can be small in size for serving several at a time, or large for serving as a dessert in their own right. Traditionally Shrewsbury cakes have a distinct hint of lemon. The recipe is also included in several early cookbooks including The Compleat Cook of 1658. A final reference to the cakes can be seen to this day as the subject of a plaque affixed to a building close to Shrewsbury's town library by the junction of Castle Street and School Gardens. Prince of Cake Compounders The mouth liquifies at the very name. Different towns had their own recipes and shapes of the Simnel cake. Shrewsbury also had a large cheese market in Victorian times. The building shown here, which was constructed 1765, is listed. The school was once in the town centre, in the buildings that are now the main county library on Castle Street. Opposite it on the other side of the river is , an independent girls' day school. The long established is an , on London Road, close to the Lord Hill column. As part of the group, it is affiliated to the largest group of schools in the country. Whilst originally a school for boys only it diversified and, in the late 1990s, started also accepting girls between the ages of three and thirteen. The school is set in 30 acres 12 ha of grounds on the outskirts of the town. The town's other long-established boys' preparatory school, Kingsland Grange on Old Roman Road in , in 2007 merged with the junior department of Shrewsbury Girls' High School, sharing the two sites with some classes remaining all-boys or all-girls, but others switching to a format. The Main Grade II listed building of , which was constructed circa 1910. The school was founded in 1907 and is set in a country house built in 1879 for Rebecca Darby — a great niece of and a member of the iron-master family who built. However, the majority of the town's pupils attend one of the seven comprehensive schools. In 2016, The Grange and Sundorne officially merged to form. The school has two campuses however it is planned in the next few years for all pupils to move to the Corndon Crescent site, formerly Sundorne. In the future, a new building will be constructed in Shrewsbury to house Shrewsbury Academy. It closed as part of reorganisation in July 2013. Additionally, two other establishments outside town serve town students — to the north at ; and , in the village of to the south-west. Post-16 education is handled by , previously the Priory School for Boys recently ranked 17th in the top 20 of sixth form colleges nationally by the Sunday Times newspaper and , which handles primarily vocational courses. Established by the and , the University Centre is focused on high-quality teaching and research, fostering entrepreneurship, contributing to the community and, ultimately, making a global impact. The station is known as the 'Gateway to Wales'. Shrewsbury is the county's hub and has road and rail links to the rest of the county and country. On 28 April 2008, open access operator commenced services to London, restoring the county's direct rail link to the capital; previously, Shropshire had been one of only two mainland English counties without a dedicated service to the capital, the other being. However, the service ceased on 28 January 2011. The main railway station building includes a clock tower, imitation Tudor chimneys and carved heads in the frames of every window. There is a small station within the building. Bus services in the town are operated by and serve most parts of the town, congregating at the town's adjacent to the and a short stroll from the railway station. Arriva also operate county services both independent of and on behalf of Shropshire County Council. There are other bus companies operating around the Shrewsbury area, including Boulton's of Shropshire, , and with the last operating services crossing from over the Welsh border from nearby towns including , , and. Shrewsbury has a bus scheme in operation and three car parks on the edge of town are used by many who want to travel into the town centre. The three car parks are at to the north, colour-coded blue , Oxon to the west, colour-coded pink and to the south, colour-coded green. It is proposed that a fourth one be built to the east of the town, at either or Preston. A map of Shrewsbury showing suburbs, surrounding villages, rivers blue , roads red and rail routes green. Shrewsbury has been an important centre for road traffic. In 1815, designed a new coaching route from London to in order to improve communications with. He routed the new road via Shrewsbury, which opened in 1830. The road is now the. The road connects the town northwest to , and east towards Telford, where it joins the. The A5 once ran through the town centre, until a was built in the 1930s. Subsequently, in 1992, a 17-mile 27 km was completed at a cost of 79 million pounds to the south of the town, and was made to form part of the A5 route. This dual carriageway was built further out of the town to act as a substantial link to Telford, as well as a bypass for the town. The also goes to Shrewsbury, joining the A5 at the south of the town, coming from and. At this point the road merges with the A5 for 3 miles 4. From there it runs north, passing , then , before heading out towards. At Battlefield, the route begins and heads northeast towards and then onwards towards and. The - runs through the town centre, entering in the west and leaving to the southeast. The begins in the town centre and heads north, heading for. The begins just west of the town centre in and heads out to , and crossing the border in the southwest of Shropshire. Major roads within the town include the , and. The A5191 goes north-south via the town centre, while the A5112 runs north-south to the east of the town centre. The A5064 is a short, one mile 1. Cycling Shrewsbury has a comprehensive network of on-road and traffic-free cycle routes. In 2008 the town was awarded Cycling Town status by ; as a result, it benefited from £1. The funding was used to make improvements to the cycle network in Shrewsbury, and to provide cycle training, information and advice to people to help encourage them to cycle to school and work. Shrewsbury is home to a professional club,. The team currently competes in the third tier of English football, and since 2007 has played their home games at — from 1910 to 2007 the club played at the stadium. Shrewsbury Town's achievements include winning the six times, a record for an English club, a 10-year run in the old now known as from 1979 until 1989, a Championship in 1979, a Championship and victory in the. There is also a local club, Shrewsbury Rugby Club. The River Severn in the town is used for rowing by both and the Royal Boat Club RSSBC. More recently these have been joined by rowing students of , and some crews from other local schools. There in an annual rowing regatta in the town in May. Shrewsbury Sports Village is a sports centre in the district of the town, aimed at providing a wide range of sports facilities for townspeople. There are also a number of motorsports and golf facilities including Meole Brace Municipal Golf Course in the area. The local motorsports heritage includes the and near Shrewsbury. England International player currently plays for Shrewsbury. Shrewsbury holds its own annual Sprint Triathlon which takes place each September at the West Midlands Country Showground and organised by SYTri Shrewsbury Triathlon Club and permitted by the British Triathlon Federation. A free weekly takes place in the centre of Shrewsbury. The event is attended by over 250 runners every week and is 'twinned' with parkrun in , due to the city of Darwin being named after. Shrewsbury is twinned with , , a move inspired by the fact , an alumnus of Shrewsbury School, was fatally wounded in 1586. At the end of the Second World War Shrewsbury's then Mayor, Harry Steward, who was made in 1946 an honorary citizen of Zutphen in return, launched an appeal for second-hand tools, clothes, bedding and other materials towards the town's post-war reconstruction after Nazi German occupation and war damage. A potential twinning with Shrewsbury by , , was under discussion in 2009. Archived from on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 6 March 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2018. Retrieved 14 June 2018. Retrieved 4 March 2008. Archived from on 16 November 2007. Retrieved 23 February 2008. Archived from on 18 July 2008. Retrieved 24 February 2008. Archived from on 25 September 2006. Retrieved 23 February 2008. A Short History of Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England. A World History Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 23 February 2008. Shrewsbury and Atcham Borough Council. Retrieved 4 April 2008. Durham Light Infantry Association, South Shields. Archived from on 8 May 2012. PDF from the original on 17 December 2008. 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The partnersuche alternative motorsports heritage includes the and near Shrewsbury. Learn how Xcode automates the steps required to build an application, and go behind the scenes to learn how clang, swiftc, and the linker work together to turn your source code into a civil program. Retrieved 4 March 2008. When something happens in the world, the first to know are new media sources like social media. Shrewsbury is the administrative centre for the newthe covering most of Shropshire but excluding the Borough ofa separate unitary partnersuche alternative prime. Learn about new capabilities for tracking 2D images, and. Retrieved 27 March 2012. You'll discover how new MDM features help administrators manage devices more effectively, how educators can enhance the classroom learning environment, and. Many of the have also remained unchanged for centuries and there are some more north names, such as Butcher Row, Longden Coleham, Dogpole,Frankwell, Roushill,Gullet Passage, Murivance, the Dana, Portobello, Bear Steps, Shoplatch and Bellstone. Learn a variety of tips for writing higher-quality tests.