10 December 2018
Singles in Gera
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in 2004 published a systematic review of meta-analyses and clinical trials on dietary supplements for weight loss by complementary medicine researchers at the Universities of Exeter and Plymouth. Additionally, they may join three-year courses. Post-war After the Second World War, Dresden became a major industrial centre in the former East Germany with a great deal of research infrastructure. They were planned and constructed on the orders of the Saxon monarchs, which is why the outskirts are often named after sovereigns.
Another sculpture is the memorial of in front of the Frauenkirche. Goa is the state with highest proportion of urban population with 62. The wings of the building have been renewed, built upon and restored many times. Peperoni Books: Berlin 2009,.
Singles in Gera - At that time Dresden was strictly Protestant. There are 394 people for each square kilometre of land which is higher than national average 382 per km 2.
For other uses, see. Goa is a in within the known as the , in. It is bounded by to the north and to the east and south, with the forming its Western coast. It is India's smallest by area and the. Goa has the highest among all Indian states, that is two and a half times that of the country. The historic city of still exhibits the cultural influence of the , who first landed in the early 16th century as merchants and conquered it soon thereafter. Goa is a former Portuguese province; the Portuguese overseas territory of existed for about 450 years until it was by India in 1961. Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year for its white sand beaches, nightlife, places of worship and. It has rich flora and fauna, owing to its location on the range, a hotspot. Rock cut engraving at Usgalimal. Rock art engravings found in Goa exhibit the earliest traces of human life in India. Goa, situated within the Shimoga-Goa Greenstone Belt in the Western Ghats an area composed of metavolcanics, iron formations and ferruginous quartzite , yields evidence for occupation. In Kajur, the rock engravings of animals, tectiforms and other designs in granite have been associated with what is considered to be a megalithic stone circle with a round granite stone in the centre. Evidence of life is visible at Dabolim, Adkon, Shigao, Fatorpa, Arli, Maulinguinim, Diwar, Sanguem, Pilerne, and Aquem-Margaon. Difficulty in carbon dating the laterite rock compounds poses a problem for determining the exact time period. Gold coins issued by the Kadamba king of Goa, Shivachitta Paramadideva. Early Goan society underwent radical change when and migrants amalgamated with the aboriginal locals, forming the base of early Goan culture. In the 3rd century BC, Goa was part of the , ruled by the Buddhist emperor, of. Buddhist monks laid the foundation of Buddhism in Goa. Between the 2nd century BC and the 6th century AD, Goa was ruled by the. The rule later passed to the Chalukyas of , who controlled it between 578 and 753, and later the of from 753 to 963. From 765 to 1015, the Southern of ruled Goa as the feudatories of the Chalukyas and the Rashtrakutas. Over the next few centuries, Goa was successively ruled by the as the feudatories of the. In 1312, Goa came under the governance of the. The kingdom's grip on the region was weak, and by 1370 it was forced to surrender it to of the. The Vijayanagara monarchs held on to the territory until 1469, when it was appropriated by the of. After that dynasty crumbled, the area fell into the hands of the of , who established as their auxiliary capital the city known under the Portuguese as or Old Goa. The Mahadeva Temple, attributed to the Kadamba period. In 1510, the Portuguese defeated the ruling Bijapur sultan Yousuf Adil Shah with the help of a local ally,. They set up a permanent settlement in Velha Goa. This was the beginning of Portuguese rule in Goa that would last for four and a half centuries, until its. In 1843 the Portuguese moved the capital to from Velha Goa. By the mid-18th century, Portuguese Goa had expanded to most of the present-day state limits. Simultaneously the Portuguese lost other possessions in India until their borders stabilised and formed the or State of Portuguese India, of which Goa was the largest territory. Portugal refused to negotiate on the sovereignty of its Indian enclaves. On 19 December 1961, the Indian Army invaded with resulting in the annexation of Goa, and of islands into the Indian union. Goa, along with Daman and Diu, was organised as a centrally administered of India. On 30 May 1987, the union territory was split, and Goa was made India's twenty-fifth state, with Daman and Diu remaining a union territory. Goa coastline at Goa encompasses an area of 3,702 km 2 1,429 sq mi. Goa is a part of the coastal country known as the , which is an escarpment rising up to the Western Ghats range of mountains, which separate it from the. The highest point is the , with an altitude of 1,167 metres 3,829 ft. Goa has a coastline of 101 km 63 mi. Goa's seven major rivers are the , , , , Galgibag, Kumbarjua canal, Talpona and the. The Zuari and the Mandovi are the most important rivers, interspaced by the Kumbarjua canal, forming a major estuarine complex. These rivers are fed by the Southwest monsoon rain and their basin covers 69% of the state's geographical area. These rivers are some of the busiest in India. Goa has more than 40 estuarine, eight marine, and about 90 riverine islands. The total navigable length of Goa's rivers is 253 km 157 mi. Goa has more than 300 ancient water-tanks built during the rule of the Kadamba dynasty and over 100 medicinal springs. The Mormugao harbour on the mouth of the is one of the best natural harbours in South Asia. Most of Goa's soil cover is made up of rich in ferric-aluminium oxides and reddish in colour. Further inland and along the riverbanks, the soil is mostly and. The soil is rich in minerals and humus, thus conducive to agriculture. Some of the oldest rocks in the Indian subcontinent are found in Goa between and on Goa's border with. The rocks are classified as estimated to be 3,600 million years old, dated by rubidium isotope dating. A specimen of the rock is exhibited at. Climate Dudhsagar Falls on the Goa-Karnataka border. Goa features a under the. Goa, being in the tropical zone and near the Arabian Sea, has a hot and humid climate for most of the year. The month of May is usually the hottest, seeing daytime temperatures of over 35 °C 95 °F coupled with high humidity. The state's three seasons are: Southwest monsoon period June — September , post-monsoon period October — January and fair weather period February — May. Over 90% of the average annual rainfall 120 inches is received during the monsoon season. Climate data for Goa Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Average high °C °F 31. Each district is administered by a district collector, appointed by the Indian government. North Goa is further divided into three subdivisions — Panaji, , and ; and five — , , , , and , is the headquarters of South Goa district. South Goa is further divided into five subdivisions — , , Margao, , and ; and seven taluks — , , , , and , , and. Ponda Taluka shifted from North Goa to South Goa in January 2015. Goa's major cities include , Margão, Panaji, Mapusa and Ponda. Panaji and Margao are the two Municipal Corporations in Goa. There are thirteen Municipal Councils: Margao, Mormugao including Vasco da Gama , Pernem, Mapusa, Bicholim, , Valpoi, Ponda, , Quepem, , Sanguem, and Canacona. Goa has a total number of 334 villages. Goa Assembly The politics of Goa are a result of the uniqueness of this region due to 450 years of Portuguese rule, in comparison to three centuries of British colonialism experienced by the rest of India. The was unable to achieve electoral success in the first two decades after the State's incorporation into India. Instead, the state was dominated by the communal politics of the and the. Government In the , Goa has two seats in the Lok Sabha House of the People , one representing each district, and one seat in the Rajya Sabha Council of the States. Goa's administrative capital is Panaji in English, Pangim in Portuguese, and Ponjê in the local language. It lies on the left bank of the Mandovi. The seat of the is in , across the Mandovi from Panaji. As the state comes under the , Panaji has a bench of it. Unlike other states, which follow the British Indian model of civil laws framed for individual religions, the Portuguese , a uniform code based on the , has been retained in Goa. Goa has a unicameral of 40 members, headed by a speaker. The Chief Minister heads the executive, which is made up from the party or coalition elected with a majority in the legislature. The Governor, the head of the state, is appointed by the President of India. After having stable governance for nearly thirty years up to 1990, Goa is now notorious for its political instability having seen fourteen governments in the span of the fifteen years between 1990 and 2005. In March 2005 the assembly was dissolved by the Governor and was declared, which suspended the legislature. A by-election in June 2005 saw the Indian National Congress coming back to power after winning three of the five seats that went to polls. The and the BJP are the two largest parties in the state. In the assembly poll of 2007, the INC-led coalition won and formed the government. In the 2012 Vidhan Sabha Elections, the Bharatiya Janata Party along with the won a clear majority, forming the new government with Manohar Parrikar as the Chief Minister. Other parties include the , the. In the , the gained the most seats, with the BJP coming in second. However, no party was able to gain a majority in the 40 member house. The BJP was invited to form the Government by Governor. The Congress claimed the use of money power on the part of the BJP and took the case to the Supreme Court. Coconut palm trees are a ubiquitous symbol of the State Equatorial forest cover in Goa stands at 1,424 km 2 549. Government owned forest is estimated at 1,224. Most of the forests in the state are located in the interior eastern regions of the state. The , which form most of eastern Goa, have been internationally recognised as one of the biodiversity hotspots of the world. In the February 1999 issue of National Geographic Magazine, Goa was compared with the Amazon and the Congo basins for its rich tropical biodiversity. Goa is also known for its coconut cultivation. The coconut tree has been reclassified by the government as a palm like a grass , enabling farmers and real estate developers to clear land with fewer restrictions. Rice is the main food crop, and pulses legume , Ragi Finger Millet and other food crops are also grown. Main cash crops are coconut, cashewnut, arecanut, sugarcane and fruits like pineapple, mango and banana. Goa's state animal is the , the state bird is the Ruby Throated Yellow Bulbul, which is a variation of , and the state tree is the. The important forests products are bamboo canes, barks, chillar barks and the. Coconut trees are ubiquitous and are present in almost all areas of Goa barring the elevated regions. A large number of trees, such as teak, Sal tree, cashew and mango trees are present. Goa's forests are rich with medicinal plants. Foxes, wild boar and migratory birds are found in the jungles of Goa. The avifauna bird species includes kingfisher, myna and parrot. Numerous types of fish are also caught off the coast of Goa and in its rivers. Crab, lobster, shrimp, jellyfish, oysters and catfish are the basis of the marine fishery. Goa also has a high snake population. Other wildlife sanctuaries include the , , , , , and. Goa has more than 33% of its geographic area under government forests 1224. Since there is a substantial area under private forests and a large tract under cashew, mango, coconut, etc. Goa is India's richest state with the highest GDP per capita — two and a half times that of the country — with one of its fastest growth rates: 8. Tourism is Goa's primary industry: it gets 12% of foreign tourist arrivals in India. Goa has two main tourist seasons: winter and summer. In winter, tourists from abroad mainly Europe come, and summer which, in Goa, is the rainy season sees tourists from across India. The land away from the coast is rich in minerals and ores, and mining forms the second largest industry. Iron, bauxite, manganese, clays, limestone and silica are mined. The port handled 31. Rampant mining has been depleting the forest cover as well as posing a health hazard to the local population. Corporations are also mining illegally in some areas. During 2015—16, the total traffic handled by Mormugao port was recorded to be 20. Agriculture, while of shrinking importance to the economy over the past four decades, offers part-time employment to a sizeable portion of the populace. Rice is the main agricultural crop, followed by areca, cashew and coconut. Fishing employs about 40,000 people, though recent official figures indicate a decline of the importance of this sector and also a fall in catch, due perhaps, to traditional fishing giving way to large-scale mechanised trawling. Medium scale industries include the manufacturing of pesticides, fertilisers, tyres, tubes, footwear, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, wheat products, steel rolling, fruits and fish canning, cashew nuts, textiles, brewery products. Currently there are 16 planned SEZs in Goa. The Goa government has recently decided to not allow any more SEZs in Goa after strong opposition to them by political parties and the powerful Goa Catholic Church. Goa is also notable for its low priced beer, wine and spirits prices due to its very low excise duty on alcohol. Another main source of cash inflow to the state is remittance, from many of its citizens who work abroad, to their families. It is said to have some of the largest bank savings in the country. Goa is the second state in India to achieve a 100 per cent automatic telephone system with a solid network of telephone exchanges. As of September 2017, Goa had a total installed power generation capacity of 547. Goa is also one of the few states in India to achieve 100 per cent rural electrification. Goa has a population of 1. The population has a growth rate of 8. There are 394 people for each square kilometre of land which is higher than national average 382 per km 2. Goa is the state with highest proportion of urban population with 62. The is 973 females to 1,000 males. The birth rate is 15. Goa also is the state with lowest proportion of at 0. A relatively small Goan-Portuguese population resulted from Portuguese colonization, one estimate being that less than 100 families left in 1961 when Portugal lost the colony. The Government also has a policy of replying in Marathi to correspondence received in Marathi. Whilst there have been demands for according official status in the state, there is widespread support for keeping Konkani as the sole official language of Goa. It is however notable to mention that the entire liturgy and communication of the Catholic church in Goa is done solely in the Roman script of Konkani. Konkani is spoken as a native language by about 57% of the people in the state but almost all Goans can speak and understand Konkani. Other linguistic minorities in the state as per the 2001 census are speakers of 23% , 5. With the exception of Konkani, English, Portuguese, Marathi and Kannada, all other mentioned languages are primarily migrant-based languages, natively spoken in other Indian states. Until 1987, Konkani was neither the official nor administrative language used by the various rulers of the State. Under the Kadambas c. During the intervening periods of Muslim rule, the control of the State mandated the use of , another Dravidian language. Religion Other or not religious 0. Smaller minorities of about 0. Due to the economic decline of the from the eighteenth century, there was a large scale migration of Goan Catholics. The population moved from 64. The Catholics in Goa state and union territory are served by the Metropolitan , the of India, in which the titular is vested. International and Indian tourists visit Goa. Tourism is generally focused on the coastal areas of Goa, with decreased tourist activity inland. In 2010, there were more than 2 million tourists reported to have visited Goa, about 1. As of 2013 , Goa was a destination of choice for Indian and foreign tourists, particularly Britons and Russians, with limited means who wanted to party. The state was hopeful that changes could be made which would attract a more upscale demographic. Goa stands 6th in the Top 10 Nightlife cities in the world in. One of the biggest tourist attractions in Goa is water sports. Beaches like Baga and Calangute offer jet-skiing, parasailing, banana boat rides, water scooter rides, and more. Patnem beach in stood 3rd in 's Top 20 Beaches in. Over 450 years of Portuguese rule and the influence of the Portuguese culture presents to visitors to Goa a cultural environment that is not found elsewhere in India. Goa is often described as a fusion between Eastern and Western culture with Portuguese culture having a dominant position in the state be it in its architectural, cultural or social settings. The state of Goa is famous for its excellent beaches, churches, and temples. The Bom Jesus Cathedral, Fort Aguada and a new wax museum on Indian history, culture and heritage in Old Goa are other tourism destinations. Historic sites and neighbourhoods Goa has two : the and. The basilica holds the mortal remains of , regarded by many Catholics as the of Goa the patron of the is actually Saint. These are both Portuguese-era monuments and reflect a strong European character. The relics are taken down for veneration and for public viewing, as per the prerogative of the Church in Goa, not every ten or twelve years as popularly thought and propagated. The last exposition was held in 2014. Church in Tourist Arrivals Year Total Arrivals % Change 1985 775,212 1990 881,323 13. There is a claimed at the Church of at , , near , where Goans and non-resident Goans visit. There is the statue of the bleeding on the at the in. The regions are known for Goa-Portuguese style architecture. There are many forts in Goa such as , , , , , , , Fort Gaspar Dias and. Influences from the Portuguese era are visible in some of Goa's temples, notably the , the , the and the Temple. After 1961, many of these were demolished and reconstructed in the indigenous Indian style. The aviation museum is one of three in India the others are in and. The is in Miramar, Panaji. The National Institute of Oceanography NIO is in Dona Paula. Having been a for over 450 years, Goa's culture is an interesting amalgamation of both and styles, with the latter having a more dominant role. The tableau of Goa showcases religious harmony by focusing on the Deepastambha, the Cross and Ghode Modni followed by a chariot. Western royal attire of kings is as much part of Goa's cultural heritage as are regional dances performed depicting a unique blend of different religions and cultures of this State. Prominent local festivals are , , , , , , , etc. The Goan Carnival and Christmas-new year celebrations are well known to attract a large number of tourists. The , the highest civilian honour of the State of Goa, is given annually by since 2010. Dance and music Main article: Traditional Goan art forms are , , , , and. Goan Catholics are fond of social gatherings and Teatro. As part of its Portuguese history, music is an integral part of Goan homes. Western musical instruments like the piano, guitars and violins are widely used in most religious and social functions of the Catholics. Goan Hindus are very fond of , and. Theatre Goan-chumar-chitram , most popular and Jagor are the chief forms of Goa's traditional performance arts. Other forms are Ranmale, Dashavatari, Kalo, Goulankala, Lalit, Kala and Rathkala. The strong belief is that the night long performance, awakens the deities once a year and they continue to remain awake throughout the year guarding the village. Perni Jagor is the ancient mask dance — drama of Goa, performed by Perni families, using well crafted and painted wooden masks, depicting various animals, birds, super natural power, deities, demons and social characters. Gauda Jagor, is an impression of social life, that displays all the existing moods and modes of human characters. It is predominantly based on three main characters, Gharasher, Nikhandar and Parpati wearing shining dress and headgears. In some places, Jagor performances are held with participation of both Hindus and Christian community, whereby, characters are played by Hindus and musical support is provided by Christian artistes. Tiatr's are conducted solely in the Roman script of Konkani as it is primarily a Christian community based act. They are played in scenes with music at regular intervals, the scenes are portrayals of daily life and are known to depict social and cultural scenarios. Tiatrs are regularly held especially on weekends mainly at Kala Academy, Panaji, Pai Tiatrist Hall at Ravindra Bhavan, Margao and most recent shows have also started at the new Ravindra Bhavan, Baina, Vasco. Western Musical Instruments such as Drums, bass, Keyboards, Trumpets etc. Konkani cinema 2005 India Goa Film Festival is an industry, where are made in the , which is spoken mainly in the states of Goa, and and to a smaller extent in. Konkani films have been produced in Goa, , and. The first full length Konkani film was , released on 24 April 1950, and was produced and directed by A. Jerry Braganza, a native of , under the banner of ETICA Pictures. Hence, 24 April is celebrated as Konkani Film Day. Since 2004, starting from the 35th edition, the moved its permanent venue to Goa, it is annually held in the months of November and December. Konkani film has been included in the world's best films of 2009 list. Konkani films are eligible for the. The most commercially successful Konkani film as of June 2011 is directed by Rajendra Talak. Some old Konkani films are Sukhachem Sopon, , , Mhoji Ghorkarn, Kortubancho Sonvsar, Jivit Amchem Oxem, Mog ani Moipas, , Suzanne, , and Bhogsonne. Food Traditional native Goan Fish Curry Rice with fish xit koddi in is the staple diet in Goa. The Goan cuisine is heavily influenced by. Goan food may be divided into Goan Catholic and Goan Hindu cuisine with each showing very distinct tastes, characteristics, and cooking styles. An exotic Goan vegetable stew, known as , is a very popular dish during the celebrations of festivals, Hindu and Christian alike. Khatkhate contains at least five vegetables, fresh coconut, and special Goan spices that add to the aroma. A rich -based, multi-layered sweet dish known as is a favourite at Christmas. The most popular alcoholic beverage in Goa is ; cashew feni is made from the fermentation of the fruit of the cashew tree, while coconut feni is made from the sap of toddy palms. Urrak is another local liquor prepared from Cashew fruit. In fact the bar culture is one of the unique aspects of the Goan villages where a local bar serves as a meeting point for villagers to unwind. Goa also has a rich wine culture. The House of the Seven Gables in Architecture The architecture of Goa is a combination of Goan, and styles. Since the Portuguese ruled and governed for four centuries, many churches and houses bear a striking element of the Portuguese style of architecture. Goan Hindu houses do not show any Portuguese influence, though the modern temple architecture is an amalgam of original Goan temple style with , , Islamic, and Portuguese architecture. The original Goan temple architecture fell into disuse as the temples were demolished by the Portuguese and the known as Thavayi in Konkani were converted to Christianity though the wooden work and the murals can still be seen. Main article: Goa is served by almost all available in India. Channels are received through cable in most parts of Goa. In the interior regions, channels are received via. The is the only in the state that broadcasts on both and bands. Two AM channels are broadcast, the primary channel at 1287 kHz and the Vividh Bharati channel at 1539 kHz. AIR's FM channel is called FM Rainbow and is broadcast at 105. A number of private FM radio channels are available, at 92. There is also an educational radio channel, , run by broadcast from Panaji at 107. Major cellular service operators include , , , , , , and. Local publications include the Goa's oldest, once a Portuguese language paper , The Gomantak Times and. In addition to these, and are also received from Mumbai and Bangalore in the urban areas. The Times of India has recently started publication from Goa itself, serving the local population news directly from the state capital. Among the list of officially accredited newspapers are O Heraldo, The Navhind Times and The Gomantak Times in English; in Konkani Devanagari script ; and , Gomantak, Navprabha, Goa Times, Sanatan Prabhat, Govadoot and Lokmat all in Marathi. Other publications in the state include Planet Goa English, monthly , English, monthly , Goan Observer English, weekly , , weekly Goa Messenger, Vasco Watch, Gulab Konkani, monthly , Bimb Devanagari-script Konkani. Normally other states are fond of cricket but is the most popular sport in Goa and is embedded in Goan culture as a result of the Portuguese influence. Its origins in the state are traced back to 1883 when the visiting Irish priest Fr. On 22 December 1959 the Associação de Futebol de Goa was formed, which continues to administer the game in the state under the new name. Goa, along with and is the locus of football in India and is home to many football clubs in the national. The state's football powerhouses include , , , , and. The first was held in Goa in 2014. The state's main football stadium, , is located at and also hosts cricket matches. The state hosted few matches of the in Fatorda Stadium. A number of Goans have represented India in football and six of them, namely , , , , and Roberto Fernandes have all captained the national team. Goa has its own and league, the. It is probably the only state in India where cricket is not considered the most important of all sports. Goa also has its own. The Indian Olympic Association IOA has won the right to host the in 2020. Goa had India's earliest educational institutions built with European support. The Portuguese set up seminaries for religious education and parish schools for elementary education. Founded circa 1542 by saint Francis Xavier, was a Jesuit school in Old Goa, which later became a college. St Paul's was once the main Jesuit institution in the whole of Asia. It housed the first printing press in India and published the first books in 1556. Medical education began in 1801 with the offering of regular medical courses at the Royal and Military Hospital in the old City of Goa. Built in 1842 as the Escola Médico-Cirúrgica de Nova Goa Medical-Surgical School of Goa , is one of Asia's oldest medical colleges and has one of the oldest medical libraries since 1845. It houses the largest hospital in Goa and continues to provide medical training to this day. According to the 2011 census, Goa has a of 87%, with 90% of males and 84% of females being literate. Each taluka is made up of villages, each having a school run by the government. Private schools are preferred over government run schools. All schools come under the , whose syllabus is prescribed by the state education department. There are also a few schools that subscribe to the all-India syllabus or the syllabus. Most students in Goa complete their high school with English as the medium of instruction. Most primary schools, however, use Konkani and Marathi in private, but government-aided schools. As is the case in most of India, enrolment for vernacular media has seen a fall in numbers in favour of English medium education. As per a report published in , 84% of Goan primary schools run without an administrative head. Carmel College for Women is affiliated to. It was established more than 50 years to aid in closing the education gender gap. The best known schools in Goa include School in , St Mary Angels Convent High School in , Perpetual Succour Convent High school, Navelim, Our Lady of the Rosary High School at Dona Paula, Vidya Prabhodini at Porvorim, K. Hedgewar High School, the Progress High School, Don Bosco High School, People's High School, Mushtifund High School in Panaji, Saraswat Vidyalaya High School in Mapusa, Sunshine Worldwide school in Old Goa, Shiksha Niketan and Nisha's Playschool in Torda, A. High School in Dhawali—Ponda, Vidya Bharati, Mahila And Nutan English High School in , Manovikas in Margao, in Margao, St. Joseph's Institute, Deepvihar High School in and Rosary High School in Navelim, Lourdes Convent High School in Saligao and in. A student may also opt for a course in vocational studies. Additionally, they may join three-year courses. Two years of college is followed by a programme. There are six colleges in the state. In 2004, one of the premier institutes in India, inaugurated its second campus, the , at Zuarinagar near. The Indian Institute of Technology Goa IIT Goa began functioning from its temporary campus, located in Goa Engineering College since 2016. The site for permanent campus was finalized in Cotarli,. There are colleges offering , and along with numerous private colleges offering , , and. There are also two National Oceanographic Science related centres: the in Vasco da Gama and the in. In addition to the engineering colleges, there are government polytechnic institutions in , and , and aided institutions like Father Agnel Polytechnic in Verna and the Institute of Shipbuilding Technology in Vasco da Gama which impart technical and vocational training. Other colleges in Goa include Shri Damodar College of Commerce and Economics, V. Salgaocar Higher Secondary School in , G. A higher secondary school, Don Bosco College, D. Goa International Airport, new terminal building , is a at , a Naval airfield located at near. The airport caters to scheduled domestic and international air services. Goa has scheduled international connections to , , , and in the by airlines like , , , , , , , JetKonnect and. The proposed greenfield will be built at in taluka. Road Government-run Kadamba buses at a bus station in Goa Goa's largely consists of privately operated buses linking the major towns to rural areas. Government-run buses, maintained by the , link major routes like the Panaji—Margao route and some remote parts of the state. The Corporation owns 15 bus stands, 4 depots and one Central workshop at Porvorim and a Head Office at Porvorim. In large towns such as Panajiand Margao, intra-city buses operate. However, public transport in Goa is less developed, and residents depend heavily on their own transportation, usually motorised two-wheelers and small family cars. NH-66 ex runs along India's west coast and links Goa to in the north and to the south. The NH-366 ex connects NH-66 to Port from Cortalim. The new NH-566 ex NH-17B is a four-lane highway connecting Mormugao Port to NH-66 at Verna via , primarily built to ease pressure on the NH-366 for traffic to Dabolim Airport and Vasco da Gama. NH-768 ex NH-4A links Panaji and Ponda to Belgaum and NH-4. Goa has a total of 224 km 139 mi of national highways, 232 km 144 mi of state highway and 815 kilometres 506 miles of district highway. National Highways in Goa are among the narrowest in the country and will remain so for the foreseeable future, as the state government has received an exemption that allows narrow national highways. In Kerala, highways are 45 metres 148 feet wide. In other states National Highways are grade separated highways 60 metres 200 feet wide with a minimum of four lanes, as well as 6 or 8 lane access-controlled expressways. Hired forms of transport include unmetered taxis and, in urban areas,. These vehicles transport a single rider, at fares that are usually negotiated. River crossings in Goa are serviced by flat-bottomed boats, operated by the river navigation department. Rail Margao railway station Goa has two — one run by the South Western Railway and the other by the. The line run by the was built during the colonial era linking the port town of with , , via. The Konkan Railway line, which was built during the 1990s, runs parallel to the coast connecting major cities on the western coast. Sea The Mormugao harbour near the city of Vasco handles mineral ore, petroleum, coal, and international containers. Much of the shipments consist of minerals and ores from Goa's hinterland. Panaji, which is on the banks of the Mandovi, has a minor port, which used to handle passenger between Goa and Mumbai till the late 1980s. There was also a short-lived catamaran service linking Mumbai and Panaji operated by Damania Shipping in the 1990s. Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. Archived from PDF on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2014. Administration of Daman and Diu. Retrieved 17 May 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2018. Kincaid, John, Aroney, Nicholas,. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Archived from on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2007. The Liberation of Goa:1961. Archived from on 9 August 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2007. Archived from on 18 December 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2009. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. Śrī puṣpāñjali: Recent Researches in Prehistory, Protohistory, Art, Architecture, Numismatics, Iconography, and Epigraphy: Dr. Srinivasan commemoration volume, Volume 1. Heritage and history of Goa. Retrieved 30 March 2011. The cultural history of Goa from 10000 BC — 1352 AD. India: The Elephant's Blessing. Recent advances in environmental science. Retrieved 24 July 2012. Archived from on 20 January 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2007. Retrieved 16 December 2011. Retrieved 27 March 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2017. Archived from on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 18 July 2008. Archived from on 13 April 2006. Retrieved 7 September 2006. The Times of India. Retrieved 16 December 2011. The Times of India. Retrieved 13 November 2007. Census Department of India. Retrieved 5 January 2009. Archived from on 8 October 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2008. Human and Social Studies. Retrieved 2 August 2018. Human and Social Studies. Retrieved 2 August 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2017. Department of Tourism, Government of Goa website. Archived from on 27 August 2010. Retrieved 3 August 2010. The Observer, The Guardian. Retrieved 31 August 2013. Archived from on 15 June 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2014. Archived from on 3 December 2009. Retrieved 3 August 2010. Retrieved 4 August 2010. Retrieved 4 August 2010. The Times of India. Retrieved 16 August 2014. The Times of India. Retrieved 10 August 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2008. The Hindu 17 April 2011. Retrieved on 28 July 2013. Retrieved on 28 July 2013. Retrieved on 28 July 2013. Retrieved on 28 July 2013. Retrieved on 28 July 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2013. Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. Panaji: Goa Konkani Akademi. Archived from on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 19 July 2007. Retrieved 19 July 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2010. Retrieved 19 April 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2015. Education for all in India. Retrieved 18 July 2007. Retrieved 6 April 2009. The Times of India. Archived from on 18 January 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2013. Business Standard 11 March 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2009. Retrieved 25 August 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2009. Searching For a Place. Peperoni Books: Berlin 2009,.
Human and Social Studies. When single frauen gera are considering the potential benefits of products look for meta-analysis studies that take in all the sound research available. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in 2004 published a systematic review of una-analyses and clinical trials on dietary supplements for weight loss by complementary medicine researchers at the Universities of Exeter and Plymouth. Archived from on 27 August 2010. The Portuguese set up seminaries for religious education and parish schools for elementary education. The fruit is known in Nagasaki as gambooge. Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer. Man weiß nie was draus wird. The House of the Seven Gables in Architecture The architecture of Goa is a combination of Goan, and styles.